In essence, the original and beautiful Javanese art was always found in the royal palace and in the surrounding areas of Java. As the center of the previous great kingdoms, the island of Java, especially the city of Yogyakarta, has distinctive arts and high culture, and is even the center and source of art in Indonesia.

The traditional musical instrument of Yogyakarta is the gamelan. The gamelan that developed in Yogyakarta is the Javanese gamelan. This gamelan of course has differences with Balinese gamelan and Sundanese gamelan. The tone of the Javanese gamelan is softer, while the Balinese gamelan tends to be loud and the Sundanese gamelan is very lilting.

The Javanese view of life expressed in his gamelan music is the harmony of physical and spiritual life, harmony in speech and action so as not to cause explosive expressions and create tolerance among others. The real form in the music is the moderate pulling of the fiddle string, the balanced mix of kenong sounds, saron drums and xylophone and the sound of gongs at each rhythm closing.

Gamelan is definitely not foreign music. Its popularity has spread to various continents and has given rise to a new mix of jazz-gamelan music, creating institutions as a learning space and expression of gamelan music, to producing well-known gamelan musicians. Gamelan music performances can now be enjoyed in various parts of the world, but Yogyakarta is the most appropriate place to enjoy gamelan because in this city you can enjoy the original version, at Ngayogyakarta Hadiningratan Sultanate Palace.

Krumpyung Musical Instrument

Krumpyung Karawitan (

Krumpyung is a traditional musical art of Kulon Progo, DIY, which was created by Sumitro. This musical art is played to the accompaniment of musical instruments which are all made of bamboo. Usually, the songs that are performed are Javanese style, Uyon-uyon, and Campursari. The uniqueness of Krumpyung is that the notes used are Laras Slendro and Pelog which resemble Javanese gamelan, only in Krumpyung art, the gong is sounded by blowing and hitting. Krumpyung art is located in the hamlet of Tegiri, Hargowilis village, Kokap sub-district.

Krumpyung (

Playing with soft tones, at a glance, Krumpyung music is like being played with gamelan instruments. However, upon closer inspection, the strains of the gamelan sound do not come from a gamelan device. But a set of musical instruments made of bamboo. Apparently, his voice that sounded like gamelan was because the scales were tuned to the pentatonic scales, typical of Javanese gamelan. By the people there, this set of musical instruments is known as Krumpyung.

Krumpyung (

A set of krumpyung music is a type of melodic musical instrument (a pitched musical instrument). The form is in the form of a number of angklungs that are hung on a bamboo frame and arranged in a row according to the sequence of notes; 6-1-2-3-5 for the pentatonic scale, or do-re-mi–fa-sol-la-si for the diatonic scale. Perhaps because of the prominent role of the rumpyung and if you carry it with the sound of pating krumpyung (all rattling) in the ear, this bamboo musical instrument is then called krumpyung.

Sumitro the creator of Krumpyung (

Krumpyung’s musical instruments consist of demung, saron, pekingese, bonang, xylophone, kempul (small gong), gong sebul (blown), and drum. All of these musical instruments are made of bamboo. Although the name is the same as the elements of Javanese gamelan, in general the shape of krumpyung is not at all like the shape of a gamelan instrument. What is clear, however, is that the sound effects of each instrument are made closer to and adapted to the sound of the scales of each bronze gamelan instrument.

Gong Sebul (

Gong sebul, for example, has a shape that is not round like a gong, but in the form of a piece of petung bamboo (Ochloa gigantea or giant bamboo) with a certain length according to the tone to be produced. The unique way to sound this gong is not by hitting it but by blowing it, that’s why this gong is called gong sebul.