West Java is an area that is very thick with artistic nuances. Whether it’s traditional or contemporary art, everything is mixed in this Sundanese Tatar country. Likewise with the musical instruments used. Although modern musical instruments are increasingly being found on the market, the popularity of West Java Regional Musical Instruments is no less and its promotion is increasingly being promoted by all groups.
Friends of Tourism GPS, the following are the types of musical instruments from the West Java area that we should know.
Gamelan Gamelan (http://www.datasunda.org)
Gamelan gamelan is a set of musical instruments or gamelan that has certain characteristics in the color of its music. At first, gamelan gamelan functioned to accompany traditional ceremonies or religious ceremonies, but now, gamelan gamelan is often used to accompany dance dramas (ballet), gending karesmen and various other entertainment facilities. Gamelan gamelan consists of several traditional musical instruments which include; bonang, kirik, saron, jengglong, pekingese, gongs, a set of drums, flutes, harps and rehabilitation.
Calung is a set of musical instruments made of bamboo and played by hitting it. The scale used is a pentatonic scale with a slendro barrel and then developed into a pelog barrel. The history of the Calung musical instrument is very interesting. At first, this calung musical instrument came from a tool used to repel birds in the fields made of bamboo halves called kekeprak. Kekeprak is sounded by being moved with water that falls from the shower and is used to scare Sero, a type of fish-eating pet in ponds or in the fields. From kekeprak it developed into calung and now it consists of various forms with different names, such as calung xylophone, calung gamelan and calung Jing Jing.
Angklung is a musical instrument made of bamboo which is shaped in such a way that it produces the tone that the maker wants. This musical instrument is made of bamboo, sounded by shaking (the sound is caused by the impact of the body of the bamboo pipe) so as to produce a vibrating sound in the order of 2, 3, to 4 tones in each size, both large and small.
Tarling is a set of musical instruments consisting of a guitar and a flute. Tarling itself stands for Tar for Guitar, and Ling for Flute which is usually used to accompany Cirebonan traditional songs. Tarling art comes from Cirebon. In the beginning, all the instruments were bamboo gamelan, then progressed to the harp and then developed into gamelan made of iron or bronze. After the guitar became known in Indonesia, the guitar was chosen to replace the harp.
Arumba is an abbreviation of the bamboo clump accountant. The principle is almost the same as the angklung, only equipped with a bamboo arrangement similar to a xylophone/saron which is sounded by hitting it. The number of players is less than angklung.
Gending Cianjuran (http://macapatwungu.wordpress.com)
Gending Cianjuran is a type of music that features Cianjur’s distinctive vocals. This music was used as a means of entertainment for the Sundanese nobles. The vocals or singing are accompanied by a harp, flute and sometimes a fiddle.
Celempungan is a type of music that prioritizes vocals or singing or music. The accompaniment consists of the harp, fiddle and celempung (bamboo with strings). Now the use of celempung has been replaced with a set of drums and gongs.
Karinding is a traditional Sundanese musical instrument. This karinding comes from several places in West Java such as from Citamiang, Pasir Mukti, Tasikmalaya, Malangbong (Garut) and Cikalong Kulon (Cianjur). In this area, the traditional karinding musical instruments are usually made from the fronds of the kawung (palm tree) while in some places, such as in Limbangan and Cililin, most karinding musical instruments are made of bamboo.
Kecapi Detailed (http://serba-traditional.blogspot.com)
Kecapi is a stringed instrument originating from West Java. The organological form of the harp is a wooden box on top of which is lined with strings, the wooden box is useful as a resonator. A musical instrument that resembles a lute is the siter from Central Java and Yogyakarta.
Jentreng is a traditional musical instrument from West Java which is played by picking and touching it. This musical instrument is similar to the harp but is smaller in size and only has 7 strings. Jentreng is usually made from flower ylang wood or from jackfruit wood.
Tarawangsa is a traditional West Javanese musical instrument that is played by rubbing. This tarawangsa traditional musical instrument is older than the fiddle. It is proven that the tarawangsa traditional musical instrument is mentioned in an 18th century ancient manuscript, the Sewaka Dharma.
This musical instrument can be found in several areas in West Java and Banten. Namely in the areas of Rancakalong (Sumedang), Cibalong and Cipatujah (Tasikmalaya), Banjaran (Bandung) and Kanekes (Banten).
Although this instrument has 2 strings, only one string is sounded by swiping. The rest of the strings are sounded by plucking with the index finger of the left hand. Tarawangsa as one of the traditional musical instruments is often played accompanied by a harp-like musical instrument called Jentreng.
Tarawangsa players only consist of two people, namely one tarawangsa player and one jentreng player. All Tarawangsa Players consist of men, with an average age of 50 – 60 years.