Do you know what types of fabrics can be batik?
It turns out that not all types of fabric can be made batik, only certain fabrics that can be used for maximum batik results. The fabric used for batik must meet technical requirements, including not being damaged due to the influence of the batik process, and can be colored at cold or room temperature because batik wax as a color barrier cannot withstand heat. In general, the types of fabrics that can be made from natural fibers such as cellulose or plant fibers and protein or animal fibers can meet these requirements. In accordance with these technical requirements, the fabrics that can be used for batik are cotton and silk.
Various Fabrics for Batik
Cotton cloth is a cloth made from cotton fibers. The general properties of cotton fabrics are good absorption, heat resistance, low flexibility, good heat conductivity. Several types of cotton fabrics that can be used as basic materials for batik are: mori fabric, gray cotton fabric, rayon fabric and cotton t-shirt fabric.
Mori Primissima Fabric (http://batiktulisharisa.com)
Mori cloth is a factory-processed cotton yarn woven fabric with plain and bleached weaves. There are several kinds of mori, namely: primissima mori, prima mori, blue mori, voalisima mori, and choline. Mori Primissima, including the type of mori cloth with the highest quality with fine specifications of yarn count, high yarn thickness, tight woven construction so that the grip of the cloth is smooth and solid. However, the absorption capacity is less. So to increase absorption, mercerized and sanforized primissima mori have been produced. On the market, among others, it can be found with the trademark Kereta Kencana, Crown, Flag. Mori Prima, is a medium quality mori with a slightly coarser yarn number specification, lower yarn thickness. Currently, mercerized prima mori has also been produced with trademarks such as flag, gong, butterfly, chicken mas, menjangan. Mori Biru, is a low quality mori with specifications for yarn count, yarn thickness and coarser grip. In the market, you can find, among others, the trademarks of Cendrawasih, Pineapple, Garuda Dunia. Mori Voalisima, the quality is the same as mori primissima only the thread thickness is lower. Bercholine, the quality is the same as primissima mori and has been mercerized. On the market can be found with a width of 90 cm and 115 cm. Usually used to make painted batik.
Gray Fabric or Blacu Fabric (http://boutiqueofmodernbatik.blogspot.com)
Gray fabric is a cotton thread woven fabric that has not undergone a bleaching process, so the color is still natural. Gray fabric can be divided into calico fabric, ATBM woven fabric, and Gedhog woven fabric. Blacu fabric, which is a factory-processed cotton woven fabric, in the market there are calico fabrics with a width of 90 cm, 115 cm, and 150 cm. ATBM woven fabrics, namely cotton woven fabrics produced using non-machine looms, are produced in various sizes of fabric with a woven structure design made with doby. As a batik material, it is widely used as women’s clothing and accessories. Gedhog woven fabric, made from cotton fiber using a traditional batik loom. Batik using gedhog weaving is a characteristic of Tuban batik that is not found anywhere else. Its physical appearance is unique because everything from planting cotton, weaving to batik is done in Tuban. It is not known exactly when the gedhog woven fabric began to be produced. From a batik maker who is now more than 80 years old, information is obtained that gedhog weaving has been known more than 100 years ago. It is called gedhog weaving because of the “dhog-dhog” sound that is heard during the weaving process. There are 2 types of cotton as raw material for gedhog woven fabric, namely white and brown. The original brown cotton with the name “lawa” (“lowo” in Javanese) will produce a brown woven cloth, and when used as a batik material, the resulting batik will be brown and never white. Gedhog woven fabric products have various colors and motifs. There are plain, striated, plaid and other motifs, as well as with one or more colors.
Rayon Fabric (http://bahankain.com)
Rayon fabric is a rayon yarn fabric, which is a regenerated fiber of cellulose fiber, its properties are similar to cotton but its strength is lower, especially against alkalis. In the wet state the strength of the cotton will increase while the rayon will decrease. The advantages of rayon fabric are more shiny and have better draping or hanging properties. Examples include shantung cloth, paris rayon cloth.
T-Shirt Fabric (http://boutiqueofmodernbatik.blogspot.com)
Cotton T-shirts are knitted cotton fabrics, usually made of batik in the form of T-shirts or T-shirts. Usually Tuban batik also uses cotton t-shirts for T-shirts with typical Tuban motifs.
Silk Fabric (http://boutiqueofmodernbatik.blogspot.com)
Silk fabrics, made from protein fibers, are obtained from the insect Iepidoptera and the main species reared for producing silk is Bombyx mori. Silk filaments are produced from silkworm larvae when they make cocoons. Raw silk fiber consists of approximately 75% fibroin and 25% sericin, which is a type of adhesive that coats fibroin, which protects the fibroin from mechanical forces. For the coloring process, this sericin layer must be removed by a degumming or boil off process, because it will interfere with color absorption. Currently the silk on the market is imported silk, local silk, and wild silk. Imported silk, which is a manually woven silk fabric known as T54 super silk, T56 super silk, Abote, Organdy, Chiffon, glass square silk, salur silk, which is a combination of woven super silk with organdy, crepe silk, flower silk with woven designs structure with doby. Local silk, namely domestically made silk fabrics woven with ATBM, among others, plain silk, granite silk, woven structural designs with doby, salur silk. Wild silk, which is silk made from wild-cultivated silkworm fibers. These silkworms are allowed to live in mahogany, cashew, and kedondong trees, so their food is the leaves where they live. The type of fiber produced from caterpillars whose food is cashew nuts or kedondong leaves is called criccula, which is golden yellow in color. While the fiber produced from caterpillars whose food is mahogany leaves is called attacus, which is brown in color. These colors are natural colors.
Friends of Indonesian Tourism GPS, those are some of the fabrics that are usually used for batik. The choice of material depends on what the fabric will be used for. Choose the material according to your needs and the desired quality.
Hope it is useful