Definition of Traditional Food or Typical Food
Traditional or typical food is food and drink that is usually consumed by a particular community, with a distinctive taste that is accepted by that community. For the people of Indonesia, it is generally believed that the efficacy of various traditional foods, such as tempeh, tofu, garlic, honey, temulawak, gado-gado, green beans, sea fish, land fish, etc. Because in addition to efficacy, traditional Indonesian food also contains other positive aspects such as: Ingredients that are natural, highly nutritious, healthy and safe, cheap and easy to obtain, according to people’s tastes so that they are believed to have good potential as food.
Traditional Indonesian food is all kinds of processed foods native to Indonesia, typical of the local area, ranging from complete meals, snacks and drinks, which have sufficient nutritional content, and are usually consumed by the people of the area with various and varied basic ingredients, so that various types of food can be produced. traditional food in such a way that it becomes a delicious and nutritionally balanced meal. Likewise, the processing method is carried out in various and varied ways, such as: By burning/roasting, smoking, ordering, steaming, frying and sauteing.
Traditional Indonesian food is influenced by people’s eating habits and is integrated into the socio-cultural system of various ethnic groups in the regions. The food is preferred, because the taste, texture and aroma are in accordance with his taste. Likewise, typical regional eating habits are generally not easy to change, even though the ethnic members concerned move to other areas.
Definition of Squid
Squid are a group of large cephalopod animals or types of mollusks that live in the sea. That name ”Cephalopods” in Greek it means “head leg”, this is because the legs are separated into a number of arms wrapped around the head. Like all cephalopods, squid are separated by having a distinct head. The large axon of this squid has a diameter of 1 mm. Squid are widely used as food.
Squid is one of the animals in the invertebrate group (no backbone). One type of deep sea squid, ”Heteroteuthis”, is that which has the ability to emit light. The light-emitting organ is located at the end of a long protruding front. This is due to the luminance event that occurs in this type of squid. The heteroteuthis squirts out a large amount of glowing liquid when it is disturbed, a process similar to that of a regular squid that sprays ink.
Various Types of Squid
In general, ordinary squid measures about 5.1 cm, but there is a type of squid Architeuthis princeps or giant squid measuring up to more than 15 m. This giant squid is often found washed up along the coast of Newfoundland.
While the squid commonly consumed by humans is the Loligo Pealei type and is spread in the waters of the Mediterranean Sea, East Asia, and along the east coast of North America. Some live close to the surface of the water, some live in very deep places or ocean trenches.
There is also a flying squid, Ommastrephes bartrami, which can be compared to a flying fish. These animals often jump out of the water, especially in bad weather, and are sometimes stranded on the decks of fishing boats.
Small types of squid do not bother humans, but large types can be a dangerous threat to humans when diving.
All squid have a tubular body, a fully developed head, and 10 long hands with suction cups. These hands are useful for trapping prey and then tearing it open using its powerful jaws, similar to an animal’s beak. The squid sucks water through it. the central cavity of the body, the mantle cavity, and forcing it out through a flexible vessel called a siphon. The siphon is located directly behind the hand. Due to the jet of water that pushes the squid to swim backwards.
Squid fins are 2 extensions of the mantle like lobes that are used as a steering wheel for movement. The eyes do not have eyelids, but look like human eyes.
Squids have three hearts and are blue-blooded. Two of their hearts are located close to each of their gills and because of that they can pump oxygen to resting body parts easily. Squid have a copper compound respiratory system, in contrast to humans where humans have an iron compound respiratory system, which means that if they are too closed to a surface where there is hot water, the squid can die easily from suffocation.
Many squid can change their body color from brown to purple, red, or yellow as camouflage to avoid threats from predators.
Squid live as predators of fish and other marine animals that are smaller than the size of the squid.
Squid as a Commercial Commodity
According to data from the Food and Agricultural Organization or FAO, the number of molluscs caught for commercial purposes in 2002 was 3,173,272 tons and 75.8% of that amount was eaten squid.
Even polygo squid or the type we usually eat, according to US Commercial Fisheries data, in 2008 it was recorded that around 8 million squid had been caught on the coast of California.
This is because the nutritional content in squid is good for humans, namely selenium, riboflavin, and vitamin B 12. The ink on squid can also prevent cancer.
The total types of squid scattered in all parts of the world, there are about 300 different squid species.
Benefits of Squid for Health
1. Judging from the nutritional value
Squid has extraordinary nutritional content because the protein content is quite high, which is 17.9 g/100 g of fresh squid. Squid meat has advantages compared to other marine products, namely there is no backbone, easy to digest, has a distinctive taste and aroma, and contains all types of essential amino acids needed by the body. The dominant essential amino acids are leucine, lysine, and phenylalanine. Meanwhile, the dominant non-essential amino acid levels were glutamic acid and aspartic acid.
2. Bone Skeletal Growth
Squid also contains several types of micro and macro minerals in very high amounts. Important minerals in squid are sodium, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, and selenium. Phosphorus and calcium are useful for the growth of the bone skeleton, so they are important for the growth of children and prevent osteoporosis in old age. Besides being rich in protein, squid is also a good source of vitamins, such as vitamin B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B12, niacin, folic acid, and fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K).
3. Can Lower Cholesterol Content in Blood
The fat content of squid meat is relatively low, namely 7.5 g/100 g of ingredients, each consisting of 1.9 g of saturated fatty acids; 2.7 g of monounsaturated fatty acids; and 2.1 g of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Included in polyunsaturated fatty acids are omega 3 which can lower cholesterol levels in the blood.
However, excessive consumption of squid should be avoided because the cholesterol level is quite high, reaching 260 mg/100 g of ingredients. In the marine fish group, cholesterol levels in squid, shrimp, lobster, and crab are indeed high. However, cholesterol levels in these fishery products are still relatively lower than those of egg yolks, liver, offal, and brains of livestock.
4. Formation of Red Blood Cells
Squid is also rich in Omega-3, protein, B vitamins, iodine and various minerals. The copper content in squid is good for the formation of red blood cells.
5. For Cancer Drugs
Researchers recently discovered that squid ink can actually fight cancer. Squid is one of the seafood that is very popular among seafood lovers. Now the scientists’ activity is to find the active substance in the ink and isolate it. It is suspected that the substance works by activating components of white blood cells called macrophages aka giant predator cells, thereby increasing the body’s resistance to tumor cells in particular. Who knows the substance that can save the lives of 60% of cancer mice that could be useful for fighting cancer in humans. This research is recognized to be continued so that the results can be more valid. In addition, there may be benefits other than as a drug against tumors. But what is certain is that materials that are usually discarded and not consumed by humans have benefits for the medical world.
6. Health for the heart
Experts reveal, squid is a source of seafood that is rich in protein, omega-3, copper, zinc, B vitamins and iodine. The copper content in squid is good for the body’s absorption, storage and metabolism of iron and the formation of red blood cells. However, you should avoid consuming squid by frying it.
7. Remove Smallpox Scars