|Understanding the Environment|
The definition of the environment is all objects, forces and conditions contained in a place or space where humans or living things are located and can affect their lives. The term environment, in English it is called environment, in Dutch it is called millieu or in French it is called l’environment. In the environmental dictionary compiled by Michael Allaby, the environment is defined as: the physical, chemical and biotic condition surrounding and organism.
SJ McNaughton and Larry L. Wolf interpret it with all external factors that are biological and physical which directly affect the life, growth, development and reproduction of organisms. Dr. Ir. Otto Soemarwoto, a leading environmental scientist (ecologist) defines it as follows: Environment is the sum of all objects and conditions in the space we occupy that affect our lives.
Prof. Dr. St. Munadjat Danusaputro, SH, a leading environmental law expert and Professor of Environmental Law Padjadjaran University defines the environment as all objects and conditions, including humans and their behavior, which are contained in the space where humans are located and affect the life and welfare of humans and other living bodies.
The environment is an accumulation of the interaction of various factors contained in the biotic and abiotic environment. The biotic environment is the unity of living things, such as microorganisms, humans, plants and animals. The abiotic environment is a condition that exists in the surrounding environment in the form of inanimate objects, such as minerals, rocks, soil, water and air.
In Law Number 23 of 1997 concerning Environmental Management, it is stated that the environment is a unitary space with all objects, forces, circumstances, and living things, including humans and their behavior, which affect the continuity of life and the welfare of humans and other living creatures.
- relationship or interaction between elements in the environment. Interaction is not only related to biophysical components, but also involves social relations in terms of environmental elements consisting of living and dynamic objects,
- environmental conditions,
- physical conditions, such as temperature, light, and noise conditions, and
- the type and amount of each environmental element.
Source of law :
Law Number 23 of 1997 concerning Environmental Management