One of the cultural treasures owned by Bali is in the form of rang-rang woven fabric produced by the people of Nusa Penida Bali by applying a single ikat technique in its manufacture. The process of making Balinese rang-rang cloth starts from the selection of sketches by considering the selection of motifs and color compositions. To adjust the character of silk and the availability of natural colors, dyes are used in the form of noni root, pomegranate skin, sidawayah fruit, and indigo. While the decorations or motifs that are widely used in rang-rang fabrics include rhombus (box) and zigzag (twist) while maintaining the characteristics of the previous rang-rang fabric.

Rang-rang Fabric Making

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The dyeing process of silk thread begins with mordanting using alum water, which aims to prepare the silk thread so that it can absorb natural dyes perfectly. To get the red color, the silk thread was soaked in the dye solution obtained from the collision of the noni roots for three days and three nights. After that the thread is boiled in a dye solution obtained from sappan wood. Meanwhile, to get the blue color, a mixture of indigo paste and brown sugar is used in a 1:1 ratio. Unlike other dyeing processes, dyeing silk threads with indigo dye does not require a boiling process.

Rang-rang Fabric Making

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On the other hand, to get a yellowish color, silk threads need to be soaked for a day and a night in a yellow solution obtained from boiling pomegranate peels. Meanwhile, to get a brown color, silk threads are soaked in a solution of sidawayah flowers mixed with lime water to get a slightly reddish brown effect.

Rang-rang Fabric Making

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After the coloring process is complete, the next step is the rewinding process, namely rolling the threads to facilitate the weaving process, singing or turning the threads to separate the upper and lower warp threads, the nyuluh process is inserting the threads into the eye of the comb one by one with the aim that the threads are arranged neatly and not wrinkled for easy pattern formation. Furthermore, the process of grinding or winding the thread is carried out so that the right distance is obtained between the weaver’s backstrap and the cagcag weaving support wood (cagcag flower).

Rang-rang Fabric Making

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The weaving process is carried out using the rangrang technique, using a traditional loom in the form of gedogan (backstrap weaving), or commonly referred to as cagcag by the East Seraya weaver community. That is by turning the thread on the same warp as much as 3-5 turns, causing a gap. To make a cloth with a width of 50 cm it takes 59 rows of warp. The number of warps is used to calculate pattern making.

Rang-rang Fabric Making

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In the use of the rang-rang technique, to obtain a pointed end of the motif, the number of warps required at the time of making the design must be odd. The limit of turning the weft on the same warp thread is a maximum of six times, this is so that the fabric is not brittle. Hope it is useful.

Source: Fitinline

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