This Mangrove forest area is located on Jalan Gajah Mada. The area is about 21 hectares. The location of the mangrove forest conservation area, precisely next to the Gusher market complex, one of the economic business centers of the city of Tarakan. While on the right side it is directly adjacent to the cold storage industrial area and the Tengkayu II port.
The mangrove forest area, apart from being a tourist attraction, also has other functions, namely as the lungs of the city of Tarakan and as a fortress that protects the city from seawater abrasion. In this Mangrove forest, it is also a natural habitat for mangrove trees and the fauna typical of Tarakan. The trees in this Mangrove Forest are on average tens or even hundreds of years old.
This Mangrove Forest is also used as a living laboratory that is used by researchers both from within and outside the country. The results of this research are very useful for science.
In this mangrove forest you can also see the typical animals that live in the forest. Among these typical animals the most interesting is the proboscis monkey. Proboscis monkey is one of the protected animals. This monkey is different from other monkeys, the most unique thing about this monkey is its long nose. Because of its long nose, this monkey is nicknamed the “Dutch monkey”. Even though it has a large body, the proboscis monkey is still agile swinging from one branch to another, becoming its own entertainment for visitors. So, when you are in Tarakan, don’t miss the opportunity to enjoy the beautiful mangrove forest in the heart of Tarakan City, and see the funny behavior of the Proboscis Monkey.
The existence of protected endangered species endemic to Kalimantan, namely proboscis monkeys that live freely, hang, and jump from tree to tree as one of the beauty of God’s creation.
Compared to other types of monkeys or apes, the proboscis monkey’s nose may be larger. The main male’s nose hangs down as if hanging and falls to his lips, like a large eggplant swelled up at the tip. The more mature the nose for the male grows to about 7.5 cm and it is not surprising that foreign primate experts nicknamed him the proboscis monkey.
South Kalimantan dubbed the proboscis monkey as warik walanda or dutch monkey because of his sharp nose and the color of his reddish-brown fur and head. This monkey also has a tail length that exceeds its body length and only the male with a sharp nose “Dutch”.
When the proboscis monkey population in KKMB there are 47 tails, 14 of them were born in KKMB. They are divided into 3 groups fighting over the position of “tribal chief” proboscis monkey in the area. It is said that the proboscis monkey “tribal chief” must be strong inside and out because only he is allowed to marry all the females in his group. Other adult males must obey and obey as subordinates.
The uniqueness and charm of KKMB is not only the “Dutch Monkey”, but also the panorama or view of the combination of the natural atmosphere of the sea and dynamic mangrove forest with all the richness of flora and fauna. This dynamic blend produces 3 different views (panaroma), each of which has its own beauty.
The first panorama when the water recedes, we can see the beauty of the mangrove trees from the top of the tree to the dangling stilt roots gripping the muddy ground. Meanwhile the proboscis monkeys and long-tailed macaques played among the roots of the mangrove trees while looking for fish and crabs. At low tide, mounds of earth “crab palace” will also appear. We can find colorful crabs around the river in the middle of the KKMB.
When the water recedes we can also observe “unique” fish known as gelodok fish or tempakul (local name) jumping, fighting, hiding in the mud or “climbing” mangrove trees. Not infrequently this fish makes a loud “klok-klo-klok” sound that creates a typical coastal atmosphere. There are several species of this type of fish that we can see. If we are lucky, we may also meet “mini Komodo dragons”, monitor lizards, which can reach about 2 to 3 meters in length, crawling on trees or behind mangrove roots.
The second panorama is when the water starts to rise about 60 cm from the bottom of the beach. At that time, we can see sea snakes swimming, fish, and various marine life that we can see at certain times. This is also a good time for visitors who are interested in getting a unique and memorable experience, namely catching the traditional “ambau” crab. “ambau” is a kind of crab trap that is simple but practical.
The third panorama is when the tide rises to a maximum, about 10 cm below the ironwood bridge. It is as if we are in the ocean between stands of various species of beautiful mangrove trees.
For visitors who want to know the behavior of the proboscis monkey, the Dutch monkey, it is recommended to hunt with a video or photo camera, it is better if it is equipped with a telephoto.
Access Its location in the heart of the city makes this tourist area easy to find. From the Simpang Tiga THM complex, which is the center of Tarakan City’s bustle, you can use public transportation such as angkot, it only takes about 5 minutes. If you want to relax, you can also walk. The location of the mangrove forest area is directly adjacent to the Gusher Market complex which is the economic center of the Tarakan community and the cold storage industrial area and the Tengkayu II port.
Mangrove and Proboscis Monkey Conservation Area (KKMB)
Jl. Gajah Mada, Tarakan, East Kalimantan
Entrance Fee: Children Rp. 2,000,-
Adult Rp. 3,000,-