Surabaya is the capital of East Java Province, which is also one of the big cities in Indonesia. Apart from being an industrial and trade area, this city also stores a variety of batik beauty with distinctive motifs. Batik Surabaya is not like batik from other areas that can be traced traces of the history of the development of batik. Batik Surabaya is a bit difficult because it used to be a transit area for trade. At first glance, Surabaya batik is no different from most batiks, such as Madura batik or Kenongo batik from Sidoarjo. However, if you look closely, you will see the difference. The typical Surabaya batik design has a strong and bold color concept like the image of the brave and strong Surabaya people. Surabaya batik has characteristics such as the Flower Semanggi motif, the Rooster in the legend of Sawunggaling, a typical Surabaya boat, and Sura and Crocodile fish. There are also many Surabaya Batiks that have been acculturated by the nuances of Chinatown.

Surabaya Batik with Sura Fish and Crocodile Motifs

Source: http://batikisme.com

Batik Surabaya is inspired by the historical background and symbols of Surabaya. For example, the clover motif batik, where clover is a typical Surabaya food whose existence is now starting to become extinct. Semanggi Batik which is bright green in color will be very suitable when combined with other bright colors such as red, blue and other colors.

Surabaya Batik Clover Motif

Source: http://www.eastjava.com

Besides clover leaves, the ship motif is also a typical Surabaya motif. Like the Ujung Galuh motif, the manufacturing process is taken from the Ujung Galuh story. At that time, Raden Wijaya, the founder of the Majapahit kingdom, fought with the Tar-Tar army on the Kalimas river which empties into Ujung Galuh. Ujung Galuh itself is the forerunner of the city of Surabaya. In addition, there is also a Cheng Ho motif inspired by the ship used by Admiral Chengho who once stopped at the Kalimas river in Surabaya.

Surabaya Batik with Sura Fish and Crocodile Motifs

Source: http://kampungbatikkita.blogspot.com

Batik Surabaya Sawunggaling motif, this motif comes from the story of Joko Berek who likes to fight cocks, Joko Berek himself is Sawunggaling’s real name. This motif depicts a rooster with a blend of modern colors such as purple, Osaka or other colors that are rarely on the market.

Batik Surabaya Sawunggaling Motif

Source: http://jawatimuran.files.wordpress.com

Source: http://yuliantinote.wordpress.com

In addition to this batik, there is another batik typical of the city of Heroes that is well known, namely batik Mangrove (mangrove) or better known as batik “SeRU” (Art of Rungkut Mangrove batik). The emergence of this batik originated from the concerns of residents at Wisma Kedung Asem Surabaya over the environmental damage in the East coast conservation area of ​​Surabaya. Where, a lot of Mangrove plants are cut down illegally by irresponsible people. In addition to damaging the environment, many animals are threatened and even abrasion and erosion often occur around the coast. The design of the mangrove batik itself purely adopts the types of mangroves that live in the swamps around the Wonorejo coast. The colors chosen are bright colors. Although there is an influence from Madurese batik, mangrove batik has the uniqueness of its mangrove tendrils and is always in the form of written batik, not stamped or printed batik.

Mangrove Batik

Source: http://peluangusaha.kontan.co.id

Surabaya also has a batik village which is located in Tambak Dukuh Timur. Kampung Batik Surabaya not only opened its business to make and sell batik cloth and clothes, but also introduced batik widely to the public. Kampung Batik Surabaya opens opportunities for people who have a desire to make batik.

Surabaya Batik

Source: http://www.eastjava.com

The motifs that symbolize Surabaya and the historical background of this city make Batik Surabaya have a distinctive and charming appearance. Indeed, Batik Surabaya is a thick picture of Surabaya in various aspects of life.

Hope it is useful.

Source: Fitinline

.