Sojiwan Temple, Prambanan Klaten, Central Java

Sajiwan Temple or Sojiwan is a temple characterized by Buddhist heritage located in Kalongan Hamlet, Kebon Dalem Kidul Village, Prambanan District, Klaten Regency, Central Java Province, at an altitude of 146 – 150 meters above sea level. Approximately two kilometers southeast of the Prambanan temple and is thought to be a distribution group from the Prambanan temple.

The total area of ​​the temple complex is 8,140 square meters, and the main building area of ​​the temple is about 401.3 square meters and the height of the temple is approximately 27 meters. This temple faces west. Inside the temple complex, relics were found in the form of a damaged Dwarapala statue which is now stored in a guard post in this temple complex. At the foot of this temple, a fable relief of the Jataka animal story is engraved around the foot of the temple. The steps of the temple on the east side are flanked by Makara statues, only one is still intact, the other Makara is missing. At the top end of the stairs there is a gate gate carved with time. The body of the original temple was carved with tendrils, but because many stones were missing, the stone was replaced with a plain one.

The inner chambers are now empty, there are only niches and thrones that originally might have stored statues of Buddhas or Bodhisattvas that have now disappeared. a Buddha statue that has been damaged and whose head is missing was found in this temple and is now stored in a guard post. The roof of the temple is three-tiered. At these levels there are rows of stupas. The top of the temple is crowned by a large stupa. At the foot of the temple, reliefs of scenes taken from the Pancatantra or Jataka fables are presented at the Sojiwan temple. The number of reliefs is about 12 scenes. Relief stories are read towards the south (mapradakṣiṇa). It’s a shame that many of these reliefs are worn out and worrisome. The reliefs found in Sojiwan Temple include:

Reliefs in the Candi Sawan can be grouped into several categories, including: Reliefs of two men fighting, Reliefs of geese and turtles. Relief of eagle and tortoise. Relief of monkeys and crocodiles. Relief of mice and snakes. Relief of wolves and women. Relief of the king and daughter of a patih. Relief of elephants and goats. Lion man relief. Wolf and bull relief. Kinara reliefs. Relief of a lion and a bull.

Source: PNRI