Various silk batik fabrics (

Happy Friday, friends of GPS Wisata Indonesia, I hope you are more enthusiastic about your activities today. Friday has been designated as the national batik day, have you chosen the batik clothes that will be worn today. Choose clothes with comfortable materials to support your activities and appearance. Materials for making batik vary, one of which is silk. In the process of making silk batik, a slightly different technique is needed so that silk batik becomes a more special fabric.

The technique of making silk cloth is actually no different from other types of batik, the difference is only in the use of the basic fabric and the process of pelorodan. Silk batik is the choice of batik lovers because the material is quality, soft, comfortable to wear and not slippery. In addition, silk cloth also emits more color than the batik pattern itself, so that the wearer looks more beautiful and charming.

Silk Batik

Various Silk Batik Fabrics (

The process of silk batik can use the techniques of hand-drawn batik, stamped batik, screen printing batik and batik printing. But this time we will discuss the technique of batik written on silk. The process is more or less the same as the process of making batik on cotton cloth or mori. Prepare materials and tools for batik, namely silk cloth, canting (a tool for forming motifs), talian (a place to drape the cloth), wax, a frying pan, stove and dyes.

The stages of the batik process are first to make a batik design which is commonly called molani. In determining the motive, usually everyone has different tastes. Some prefer to make their own motifs, but others prefer to follow the general motifs that already exist. Making this design or motif can use a pencil. After finishing doing the molani, the second step is to paint with wax (wax) using a canting by following the pattern. The next stage, covering with wax the parts that will remain white (colorless). Canting for fine parts, or brush for large parts. The goal is that when immersing the material into the dye solution, the part that is given a wax coating is not exposed. The next stage, the first coloring process on the part that is not covered by wax by dipping the cloth in a certain color. After dipping, the cloth is dried in the sun and dried. After drying, go back to the batik process, namely painting with wax using a canting to cover the part that will be maintained in the first coloring. Then, proceed with the second color dyeing process. The next process, removes wax from the cloth by placing the cloth with hot water on the stove. After the cloth is clean from the wax and dry, the batik process can be carried out again by closing the wax (using a canting tool) to hold the first and second colors. The process of opening and closing the night candle can be done repeatedly according to the number of colors and the complexity of the desired motif. The next process is nglorod, where the cloth that has changed color is boiled in hot water. The goal is to remove the wax layer, so that the previously drawn motif is clearly visible. You don’t need to worry, this dyeing will not color the motifs you have drawn, because the top of the fabric is still covered with a thin layer (the wax doesn’t completely fade). When finished, the batik is ready to be used. The last process is to wash the batik cloth and then dry it by drying it before it can be used and worn.

Batik Process

Currently making batik (

In the coloring process, you can use a lid dyeing technique or a lid dip. Silk fabrics are easy to absorb color, so the color can be maximized. In principle, all batik dyes can be used to color silk batik, but because the wax removal process on silk is a little problematic, it is better to use dyes that have strong resistance, such as indigosol, rapid, and napthol paints. However, the use of natural colors in silk batik will also look optimal. The natural color of silk batik will appear more shiny the longer the age of the fabric. Silk fabrics have a weave that is dense enough so that the threads in the fabric do not shift when subjected to pressure or pulling. Because the process of making batik is related to immersion in water (wet), it is better not to twist the silk thread too high to avoid shrinking the fabric in the wet process. Silk batik is not always pure silk, but can be combined by weaving using other threads such as cotton tetron or acetate rayon. If there is a mixture and it is not known, there will be problems in the coloring process.

For the process of removing wax on silk batik, special techniques must be used. Batik wax has a tendency to stick more strongly to silk than cotton. For that there are several ways to remove it, how to release it with hot alkaline water. This method uses batik wax with a special mixture to avoid or reduce wax staples that make it difficult to remove (such as used wax, cat’s eye and coarse paraffin). In lorodan water added soda ash and lorodan water will become alkaline (at a pH not more than 9.5 or soda ash not more than 0.1%). The second way uses gasoline. The wax attached to the cloth will dissolve and the cloth will become clean. This method is easy but many do not use it because of the risk of fire). The third method is a combination of release and dissolution. The cloth is put in lorodan water which is then mixed with night solvents such as gasoline, benzol, kerosene in the form of an emulsion so that it can mix with water and reduce the risk of fire.

Melorod Process

Melorod Process (

Many people choose silk cloth to be worn on various occasions because when it is sewn into clothes, this cloth really adapts to the pattern or shape of the wearer’s body, so it will look more beautiful. Because of the specialty of this silk fabric, the treatment is also special. Silk batik can last a long time if it is cared for properly and properly.

Hope it is useful.

Source: Fitinline