Sidoarjo Regency is located in the south of the city of Surabaya, famous for its prawn crackers, shrimp paste, petis and milkfish. Since the Lapindo mudflow disaster, the people of Indonesia and even the world now do not feel foreign to Sidoarjo Regency. Like other coastal areas, some people in Sidoarjo are also batik artisans.
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The history of the emergence of Batik Sidoarjo begins with the role of a legendary man named Mbah Mulyadi. Mbah Mulyadi was the one who spread batik skills in Sidoarjo. Mbah Mulyadi is a descendant of the king of Kediri who fled to Sidoarjo to escape the pursuit of the Dutch colonialists in 1675. In order to avoid being chased by the Dutch, Mbah Mulyadi disguised himself as a merchant. Because he has batik skills, Mbah Mulyadi then teaches people so that a community is formed. From here the art of batik then developed to other areas in Sidoarjo. Another story says that batik in Sidoarjo only started in the 1920s. There are also those who say that batik has existed since the 1922s. There is no certainty that confirms when batik activities will start in Sidoarjo.
Initially, Batik Sidoarjo had a characteristic that was firm, clear and expressive and the color of batik tended to be brownish. Batik Sidoarjo is influenced by Batik Madura because it is often visited by immigrants from Madura, both those who stay or who only stay temporarily. Sidoarjo Batik consumers are also mostly Madurese, so Sidoarjo batik craftsmen also follow market demand. Thus, striking colors such as red, blue, black and so on appear. The process of batik is still done in the traditional way, namely hand-drawn batik with the coloring process using natural colors.
Sidoarjo Batik that Gets the Influence of Madura Batik
Sidoarjo Batik motifs are divided into two, namely traditional batik and contemporary batik. In traditional batik, the motifs are more tied to the natural wealth of Sidoarjo, meaning as a form of gratitude to God Almighty. Meanwhile, contemporary batik is improvised depending on the creations of each craftsman and market demand. It means more open and free.
Batik Sidoarjo Rawan Wungu
Sidoarjo’s typical batik motifs are utah rice, spinach flowers, sugar cane gardens, and so on. Its philosophical meaning is related to the potential and local wisdom in Sidoarjo. Utah rice is related to the abundance of food, especially rice in Sidoarjo. This sugarcane garden motif is related to Sidoarjo, which was once known as the largest sugar producer. So, of course, there are also many sugar cane plantations that are the raw material for sugar. There are still sites that show Sidoarjo as a sugar producer. The Flower Bayem motif is related to the abundance of spinach vegetables in rural areas of Sidoarjo. These plants are very easy to find around people’s homes, both planted and growing wild. The advantage of this Sidoarjo Batik is that the color can last for up to 10 years.
Bayem Flower Motif
The designs of Batik Sidoarjo are growing, for example the peacock motif from the side with closed wings, prone to wungu, butterfly, kenongo flower, spinach flower with a background of utah rice, cecekan, and potato sunduk, as well as other motifs.
Batik Sidoarjo Peacock Pattern
The center for producing Batik Sidoarjo is in Kampung Batik Jetis. With the batik village center, it is hoped that tourists from outside Sidoarjo Regency can visit the area to enjoy Sidoarjo Batik.
Along with the development of today’s technology, batik printing appears as a competitor to written batik. The pattern is good, the color pattern is good, but once washed it fades away. That’s the difference that makes batik can still survive because it is more durable than other types of batik.
The role of the government and society in preserving Siodarjo Batik is very important. Before this batik became extinct because there were no more fans.
Hope it is useful.