Honai Papua traditional house (http://lucuimage.com)

Papua Province is located in the easternmost region and has the largest area of ​​all provinces in Indonesia. This province was previously known as West Irian from 1969 to 1973, then its name was changed to Irian Jaya until 2002. The name of this province was changed to Papua in accordance with Law No. 21/2001 of Oaoua Special Autonomy. Furthermore, Papua province was divided into two provinces, namely Papua province with Jayapura as its capital and West Papua province with Manokwari as its capital.

The area of ​​Papua province consists of 410,480,000 ha and 228,000 km2 of sea or constitutes approximately 21% of the total area of ​​Indonesia. Most (75%) of the area is still covered by dense tropical forests, with approximately 80% of the population still in semi-isolation in the interior (part of central Papua). Its vast territory is inhabited by forests, seas and a diversity of biota. In its earth, Papua also stores natural gas, oil and various other mining materials that are ready to wait for processing.

If this is like a modified Honai traditional house, it’s really beautiful (http://lucuimage.com)

The Papuan ethnic group consists of 193 ethnic groups with their own different languages. Various forms of traditional art originating from the Asmat, Kamoro, Dani Sentani tribes are so beautiful and known to the world. Sources of various local wisdoms for humanity and better environmental management can be found among the Aitinyo, Asmat, Agats, Ayamaru, Mandacan, Biak, Arni, Sentani and others tribes.

Honai

Honai Papua traditional house (http://travel.detik.com)

Honai is a traditional house of the Dani tribe in the Baliem Valley, Papua province, made of wood with a conical roof made of straw or weeds or reeds, shaped like a mushroom. Honai houses are deliberately built in narrow spaces or small rooms and without windows to withstand the cold mountains of Papua. Honai are usually built as high as 2.5 meters and in the middle of the house is prepared a place to build a fire to warm them.

Building

Honai Papua traditional house (https://arsitektour.wordpress.com)

The Honai house consists of 2 floors with a building height of approximately 2.5 m and a width of 2 0 2.5 m. Honai traditional houses with architectural simplicity can be found in the valleys and mountains in the middle of the island of Papua, Puncak Jaya in a fairly cold climate, high altitude. 2,500 meters above sea level. This is what makes this custom the house is designed short, has one small door and no windows, to reduce the cold wind blowing from the mountains, cold air and safety from wild animals.

Spatial

With a height of about 2 – 2.5 meters, consists of two floors. The first floor is used for eating, cooking and daily activities. The second floor, usually consisting of rooms and used as sleeping quarters, is connected by stairs. In the middle of the room on the first floor there is a bonfire which is used to warm oneself.

Like Honai

The Dani are familiar with the concept of settlement called sili. Sili is an environment inhabited by a family. Consisting of honai for men’s house, ebei honai for women’s house, kitchen, wanai honai for livestock, especially pigs. Honai for men is bigger than ebei honai.

Morphologically, honai is formed from two words. The first is “Hun” which means a grown man and “Ai” which means house. Literally, honai means adult male house.

Women also have honai only in different terms. For women, hanoi is called “Ebeai”. Like honai, Ebeai consists of two words, namely “Ebe” or body in the sense of the presence of the body and “Ai” which means house.

While the house for pigs is named Wamai. For Papuans, livestock is a very valuable treasure.

Kariwari traditional house

Kariwari traditional house (https://architecttour.wordpress.com)

The Kariwari traditional house is the traditional house of the Tobati-Enggros tribe who inhabit the shores of Lake Sentani in Jayapura Regency. This house was originally intended specifically for men, women are not allowed to enter.

The boy in question is about 12 years old. They are gathered and educated about seeking life experiences. Starting from learning to sculpt, make shields, make boats, to war techniques. In essence, they are taught to be stronger, skilled, and smarter.

Building

This building is in the shape of an octagonal pyramid with a conical roof, strong enough to withstand strong winds from 8 directions that blow into the building. While the shape of the roof which is conical upwards is more directed to the people’s belief in getting closer to the spirits of the ancestors.

The materials used are bark for the floor, split and chopped water bamboo for the walls, and sago leaves for the roof. What is unique, the building structure in the house uses 8 pieces of solid wood, where the eighth are connected by a rope to the center of the building and tied to a solid log. The wood used is iron wood. These logs functioned as the balance of the building and held the roof from falling off and flying.

The area between the 8 building structures and their position under the hanging logs functioned as a place to store handicrafts, a place to put weapons of war, to hang the heads of captured enemies.

Spatial

Kariwari traditional houses have varying heights of 20 – 30 m, the diameter of the building reaches 8 – 12 m, divided into 3 zones which are distinguished by the level of the floor. The 1st floor is used as a place for men to study. The 2nd floor is used as a bedroom and a meeting of leaders and tribal leaders. While the 3rd floor is a meditation room whose function is to restore enthusiasm, endurance, stabilize emotions, and pray.

rumsram

Rumsram traditional house (https://architecttour.wordpress.com)

It is the traditional house of the Biak Numfor tribe on the North Coast of Papua. This house was originally intended for men. Similar to Kariwari, women are prohibited from entering or approaching this house. Its function is similar, as an activity in teaching and educating men who are starting to grow up to be teenagers, in seeking life experiences.

Building

The building is square in shape with a roof in the shape of an inverted boat. This form is inseparable from their livelihood as sailors.

The materials used are bark for the floor, split and chopped water bamboo for the walls, and sago leaves for the roof. Especially for walls, originally there were only a few windows and their positions were in the front and back.

Spatial

Rumsram has a height of approximately 6-8 m and is divided into 2 zones which are distinguished by the level of the floor. The 1st floor is open and without walls. Only the building columns are visible. In this place, the men were educated to learn to sculpt, make shields, make boats, to war techniques.

More information contact

TMII map (http://id.wikipedia.org)

Papua Province Pavilion
Beautiful Indonesia Miniature Park (TMII), East Jakarta
Tel : (62) 21 8779 2078
Websites: http://www.tamanmini.com/anjungan/anjungan-papua

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