Talking about batik on the island of Java will never end, one of which is about Batik Lamongan. Lamongan Regency is one of the regencies in East Java that stores traditional folk art, namely batik. Lamongan has various kinds of batik, ranging from screen printing batik, stamped batik, and written batik, which is commonly known as Sendang Batik.
The Sendang Batik motif is made with a variety of drawings which are considered as a cultural art inherited from generation to generation. It is thought to have originated from the generation of Dewi Tilarsih, the wife of Raden Noer Rochmat (known as Sunan Sendang around the 15th century). Dewi Tilarsih is considered a pioneer or the first figure who brought the batik tradition from her home region. Sendang Batik has the distinctive characteristics of any type of batik. Sendang Batik drawing strands known to the people of Sendangagung Village have complicated and small details, so a batik craftsman is required to have patience, patience, tenacity, hand dexterity, awareness and high emotional stability.
In general, the technique of doing Batik Sendang is still traditional. Canting is still used as a tool to paint night (candle) on cloth. The strings of images that appear are still nuanced in the natural environment which is full of meaning in life and certain philosophies. Among the environmental ornaments that are still maintained by the people of Sendangagung Village as the main ornaments are the types of flora and fauna. Various image motifs with nuances of plants, leaves, flowers, fruits, and beetles are still the dominant motifs. The colors used also symbolize the three realms that humans go through in facing their God, namely white for the Garba realm (content), red for the Fana realm (the world) and black for the afterlife (afterlife).
Various types of Sendang Batik can be classified into two groups, namely Traditional Sendang Batik and Modern Sendang Batik. Traditional Sendang Batik is considered to have certain philosophical meanings and values and has an impact on use or use. While Modern Sendang Batik is a variety of types of batik that only has a use value as an image of a modern lifestyle. Both groups are perceived positively by the people of Sendangagung Village who think that by wearing Batik Sendang regional identity, social prestige, self-esteem, dignity, personality, authority, and lifestyle can be implied. So, Batik Sendang consumers become proud when wearing Batik Sendang in public.
Batik Lamongan Motif Gapuro Tanjung Frog
Batik Sendang is an original work of art that has high value. Done by skilled personnel with selected original designs with elements of local culture. In the past, typical patterns or creations of batik carvings were like leaves, because Sendang Lamongan village is a beautiful mountainous area with many types of trees and has become an attraction for batik artists as the typical style of this Sendang Batik.
There are also other motifs that also characterize Batik Lamongan, namely the ceplik bandeng catfish drum motif depicting milkfish and catfish with jasmine flowers added which is a symbol of holiness, dragon scale rowo crab motif, tanjung frog gauro motif, marine fish motif, and so on.
Lamongan Batik with Ceplik Drum Motifs of Catfish
Lamongan Batik with Ceplik Drum Motifs of Catfish
The Lamongan Batik Center is located in the Sendang Duwur area, Paciran District, Lamongan Regency, East Java. This village is one of the sacred villages because there is the Tomb of Sunan Sendang which is visited by many pilgrims and spiritual tourists. Sendang Duwur Village is one of the villages where some of the people are still trying to preserve, improve, and develop written batik. Batik skills are mostly acquired from generation to generation, and receive guidance from the Lamongan Regency Industry Office. This area is located near the beach or coastal areas. This village was once famous for its limestone work, but now the area is famous for its hand-drawn batik made from brown leather which is named the Sendang Biru written batik, the hallmark of Lamongan batik. Batik Sendang Biru is an original work of art that has high value for Lamongan residents. This batik is done by skilled workers with selected designs and also serves designs according to the wishes of customers. One of the characteristics of batik in Sendang Duwur has a unique color, namely the dye comes directly from the tree or brown bark.
Efforts to preserve Sendang Batik require regeneration and/or cadre. For this reason, relevant agencies should provide counseling, if the problem of regeneration does not get a place and is carried out as soon as possible, then sooner or later people will forget the Sendang Written Batik craft and even become extinct. With the existence of regional autonomy, now entrepreneurs, especially batik craftsmen, are trying to build and develop their work so that they can be recognized and can compete with products from other regions, each of which has its own characteristics.
Hope it is useful.