Jember Regency is located in East Java Province. This regency is bordered by Probolinggo and Bondowoso regencies in the north, Banyuwangi regency in the east, the Indian Ocean in the south, and Lumajang regency in the west. Jember is a regional center in the eastern region of the horseshoe.

Jember Regency is also developing Batik which is used as one of the identities of this area. Although Jember batik is less well-known than other batiks on the island of Java, actually in this area batik has existed since the Dutch era. Had suspended animation then Batik Jember began to be developed again since 2010 by the batik producer Rumah Batik Rolla. The name Batik Jember is intended to establish Jember as a new center for batik production in East Java, in addition to being known as a leading tobacco-producing area.

Jember Batik

Source: http://jemberbatik.blogspot.com

Jember Batik motifs are inspired by the potential of natural resources in Jember such as tobacco, cocoa, dragon fruit, coffee, bamboo, birds and butterflies. The shape of the tobacco leaf is the most dominant characteristic. The Jember Batik motif no longer follows the standard of batik motifs such as the Solo, Jogja and Pekalongan batik motifs, but rather leads to free and contemporary motifs.

Jember Batik

Source: http://batik-jember.com

Jember Batik motifs are also determined by market tastes and local cultural trends that are developing. For example, the motif of “JFC” (Jember Fashion Carnaval) which is inspired by JFC activities which are held in Jember every year. The motifs that follow the wishes of buyers include fantasy umbrella motifs, sailboats, bekisar chickens, and trains. The number of Jember Batik motifs that have been created is quite a lot. More than 50 motifs have been made with various motif names that follow. The concept is “one design one product”, therefore every day new motifs are always created that are different from the previous ones.

Jember Batik

Source: http://sketsakultur.blogspot.com

Batik Jember is rich in color, the market appetite for batik products with contrasting colors is quite high, especially the local market in the Jember, Lumajang, Bondowoso and Situbondo horseshoe areas. Soft and matching colors are usually preferred by regional markets such as Surabaya, Malang, Jakarta, Lampung and Bogor.

Jember Batik

Source: http://batik-jember.com

Rumah Batik Rolla produces Batik Jember types of written batik and stamped batik. Written batik is produced to meet the needs of the upper middle class market while stamped batik is to meet the needs of the lower middle class market. Both types of batik are produced in order to expand market reach so that consumers can choose various motifs and types of batik according to their purchasing power.

Jember Batik

Source: http://batik-jember.com

Source: http://batik-jember.com

Producing Jember Batik begins with making a motif design on a piece of tracing paper. The design of the motif is then drawn by the drafters on the fabric to be made using a pencil. The motifs of the mori cloth are then handed over to the batik makers to be made the first time (klowongan) with canting equipment and wax following pencil strokes.

After the mori cloth is made into klowongan (reng-rengan) batik, it is followed by coloring. There are two kinds of staining techniques, namely dye dyeing and staining coletan. The smear technique is a coloring technique by using a brush only on certain areas to obtain more varied colors. While dyeing is a coloring technique by dyeing the entire fabric that has been batik using certain dyes. Both of these dyeing techniques can be done simultaneously on one fabric.

After being colored, the fabric is blocked or walled. The blocking or nembok activity is covering certain areas of fabric with wax to maintain the color. Blocking and coloring can be done many times to get the desired batik color. The last process is pelorodan where the fabric that has been blocked and colored is rinsed with hot water to release the wax that sticks to the fabric. Batik Jember uses a tobacco leaf motif which is the symbol of Jember. Like other batik motifs from other regions, which are full of patterns, Batik Jember is also filled with patterns with tobacco leaves. This batik motif is indeed not a standard batik motif which is a batik creation and has never been taught from generation to generation by batik craftsmen, but since ancient times the tobacco batik motif has been a typical batik motif of Jember. In addition, because its prestige is still inferior to Batik Pekalongan, Batik Yogyakarta, or Batik Madura, this batik is rarely known by the public.

Jember Batik

Source: http://batik-jember.com

Source: http://batik-jember.com

In addition to the Rolla Batik House which is located on Jl. Mawar, Jemberlor Village, Patrang District, there is one more area that is used as a Jember batik center, namely in Sumberpakem Village, Sumberjambe District, Jember Regency.

At first glance, Batik Sumberjambe looks almost the same as batik in other areas, which are rich in motifs and full of artistic touches from the batik artisans. With their dexterity and skillful hands, the craftsmen try to make various batik motifs according to consumer orders. However, whatever batik motifs are made, the Jember batik craftsmen never forget to combine them with the tobacco leaf motif.

For generations, tobacco leaf motifs from small to large sizes have always been one of the mainstay motifs for batik craftsmen in Sumberjambe District. The price of Jember batik is also affordable, stamped batik with cotton fabric is sold for Rp. 65,000 to Rp. 80,000 per piece, and written batik using cotton is sold for Rp. 85,000 to Rp. 150,000 per piece. For batik made of silk cloth, it is sold at a price of Rp. 300,000 per piece. When using stamped batik, the price is around IDR 125,000 per piece. This price is cheaper than a number of batik cloth prices in several other areas.

Jember Batik

Source: http://batik-jember.com

The unknown of Jember batik has made a number of parties worried about the development of written batik with tobacco motifs which seem simple and less attractive. To increase the attractiveness of buyers, especially leaf motifs or tobacco plants which are potential agribusiness in Jember. The colors also vary such as blue, green, purple, red, and others. As a Jember citizen, we must be proud to wear local batik clothes whose quality is not inferior to batik in some areas. Need help from various parties so that Jember batik is better known outside the Jember area and can better meet market tastes both in terms of quality and design.

Jember Batik

Source: http://m.kabar24.com

Friends of GPS Wisata Indonesia, you can make Batik Jember as your batik collection. Hope it is useful.

Source: Fitinline

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