Jamik Isma’iliyah Mosque (https://www.flickr.com)
Jamik Isma’iliyah Mosque is located on Masjid Street, Beringin Village, Bedagai District, Deli Serdang Regency, North Sumatra. To the north of the mosque it is bordered by the Bedagai River and people’s houses, to the east by a large road, to the south by the people’s garden and the former kingdom of Bedagai State, and to the west by the people’s garden. The former kingdom that is still visible is a red brick structure and a large field. The mosque, which is a royal mosque, stands on a neatly arranged brick floor, has a land area of about 900m2, and is built on two floors with a wall and iron fence around it.
The ownership and management of the mosque is regulated by the descendants of the Sultan of Bedagai, where until now its physical and function are still maintained. According to the heirs of Sultan Bedagai, the mosque was built in year 1882.
The entire mosque building has the original colors of the Bedagai Kingdom, which are yellow, blue and white. The architecture of the Jamik Ismailiyah Tanjung Beringin Mosque is generally inspired by Turkish and Arabic building styles.
This can be seen from the carvings and reliefs of the names of Allah and Muhammad on the pillars of the mosque terrace. The carvings are 24 pieces and are still in very good condition. Building materials, ranging from poles, roofs, walls and floors, were imported from Penang Island (Malaysia). The original shape of the mosque is still visible in the wavy wall fence at the top and has two pillars as a roof support. The mosque building consists of a porch, main room, minaret, ablution place, and a tomb.
Porch is located on all sides of the mosque with a fence as high as ± 1 meter and on it stand a number of 22 pillars decorated with arches. The inner arch of the porch fence is decorated with flowers and vines, while the pillars are decorated with vines and Arabic letters. The decorations on the dividing wall between the foyer and the main room are brown ceramics with a sun pattern and some are painted white. There are two yellow ceramic steps before entering the foyer. The porch on the north and south sides is a closed porch in the form of a room with doors at the front and back. All sides of the porch are 3 meters wide from the main room or prayer room.
Main Room (Prayer Room)
The prayer room has tiled floors and whitewashed walls decorated with calligraphy, measuring ± 21m x 17m. It has nine doors and four windows with an arch on it and decorated with floral ornaments. According to the local community, this ornament is called “wheel sula” which is a typical ornament of the Malay tribe. In the main room there are four wooden pillars, mihrab, and pulpit.
Mihrab and pulpit
Mihrab and Pulpit (http://analisadaily.com)
The mihrab is located on the west side in the form of a semicircular arch and is made of ceramic. The outside of the mihrab is circular, two doors on the right and left of the mihrab are visible on the back wall. On the left side of the mihrab is a pulpit made of carved wood with two doors and pillars on either side of the door. The pulpit is divided into three parts, namely the bottom (has a staircase door with the walls on the left and right full of carvings), the middle (the preacher’s seat with an arch-shaped carving), and the roof (conical shape with flower carvings and vines). The roof of the mosque is three-story and spaced between each roof for ventilation.
The pulpit of sermons made of wood is filled with very intricate carvings. Just like other knick-knacks, this pulpit was also brought from Penang. The next characteristic is the position of eight doors and six windows which feels a relief compared to the size of the mosque which is not too big. The doors and windows are designed with a simple design, still original and leafy.
Jami’ Ismaili Mosque also has a minaret with a height of ± 50 meters, consists of five levels, and is located in the northeast corner of the mosque’s courtyard. The first level consists of three levels in the form of a room decorated with two windows on each side. The second part of the tower is octagonal in shape, while the third and fourth parts are round. The first to fourth sections at the very top are fenced around. Finally, the fifth part is in the form of circles that are getting smaller towards the top, where the top is decorated with a circle containing a circle inside. In addition to the minaret, on the left side of the mosque there is also a building where ablution is performed, whose roof is overlapping with decorations in the form of “rebung shoots” as a characteristic of Malay buildings. Meanwhile, the southern and western courtyards are filled with the tombs of the family of Sultan Bedagai. At the back of the mosque there are three tombs in one fence, namely the tomb of Sultan Bedagai Tengku Ismail Sulung Laut in the middle and the graves of his two children on the left and right sides. The tombstones and tombs are made of marble which, according to their heirs, were imported from China.
Restoration was carried out in 1937, namely the replacement of the original roof from tile to zinc, elevating its position above the palace building that was still standing at that time, and the dome was replaced with a larger one. Then in 1982 a second restoration was carried out by changing the inner floor of the mosque from tiles to ceramics and building a tower.
Source: Indonesian cultures