|Human the Individual|
A. Heart and consciousness
The subjective experience of an individual is centered around his consciousness, self-consciousness or mind, allowing for the perception of his own existence, and of the passage of time. Consciousness gives rise to the perception of free will, although some believe that perfect free will is a delusion that is misleading, limited or obliterated by predestined or social or biological determinations. The human heart is extended beyond consciousness, encompassing the total mental and emotional aspects of the individual. Psychology studies the human heart (psyche), especially the subconscious (unconscious). The practice of psychoanalysis designed by Sigmund Freud tries to uncover a part of the unconscious. Freud organized the human being into the Ego, Superego, and Id. Carl Gustav Jung introduced collective/shared unconscious thinking, and a process of individualization, casting doubt on the precise definition of the ‘interpretable’ individual.
Human individuals are open to emotions that greatly influence their decisions and behavior. Pleasant emotions such as love or joy are opposed to unpleasant emotions such as hatred, jealousy, envy or hurt.
Human sexuality, in addition to guaranteeing reproduction, has important social functions, creating bonds / ties, and hierarchies between individuals. Sexual desire is experienced as a bodily urge/desire, often accompanied by strong positive emotions (such as love or excitement) and negative (such as jealousy/envy or hatred).
The physical appearance of the human body is the center of culture and the arts. In every human culture, people like to beautify their bodies, with tattoos, cosmetics, clothes, jewelry or similar ornaments. Hairstyles also have important cultural meanings. Beauty or ugliness is a strong subjective impression of one’s appearance.
The individual’s need for regular food and drink is clearly reflected in human culture (see also food science). Failure to get food regularly will result in hunger and eventually starvation (see also malnutrition).
The average sleep time (with a minimum score) is 8 hours per day for adults, and 10 hours for children. Older people usually sleep for 6 hours. It is common, however, in modern society for people to get less sleep than they need.
The human body is threatened by the process of harvest and disease. Medicine is a science that explores methods of maintaining the health of the body.
E. Birth and death
The subjective life of the individual begins at birth, or in a previous phase of pregnancy, during which the fetus develops in the mother’s body. Then life ends with the death of the individual. Birth, and death as extraordinary events that limit human life, can have a profound effect on the individual. Difficulty during childbirth can result in trauma and the possibility of death can cause discomfort (not easy) or fear (see also near-death experiences). Funeral ceremonies are a common feature of human society, often inspired by the belief in an afterlife. Inherited customs or ancestor worship can extend an individual’s presence beyond his physical age range.