When mentioning the word Surakarta for some people who certainly live far from this city, it feels foreign. It is different when mentioning the word Solo, people are more familiar with the name. A city in Central Java where the life of the people is calm and peaceful, there is no significant upheaval. This 44 km2 city is bordered by Karanganyar Regency and Boyolali Regency in the north, Karanganyar Regency and Sukoharjo Regency in the east and west, and Sukoharjo Regency in the south. It is crossed by the Bengawan Solo river on the east side.
Surakarta is the official name of the city government. Names embedded in government, schools, and all government public services. The word Surakarta itself originated from the will of Pakubuwono II when he founded the palace located in the village of Sala with the official name Nagari or Karaton Surakarta Hadiningrat.
Solo sounds more familiar, especially after the name Jokowi, the mayor of Solo, the Governor of DKI Jaya, who is now the President of the Republic of Indonesia, rose to make Solo more known. Various events in the city of Solo also prefer to use the name Solo such as SIPA (Solo International Performing Art), SIEM (Solo International Ethnic Music), and there are many events that use the name Solo instead of Surakarta.
Solo is said to be a village. The village was named Sala village which then underwent a change in pronunciation to Solo as when we mention the word soto. The name Sala comes from the name of a village elder named Kyai Gede Sala who because of his services is immortalized as the name of the village that became the forerunner to the establishment of the Surakarta Hadiningrat Palace.
Surakarta Hadiningrat Sunanate Palace
Surakarta Hadiningrat Sunanate Palace (http://anekatempatwisata.com)
The Surakarta Hadiningrat Sunanate Palace is located on Jl. Mangkubumen Sasono Mulyo, Baluwarti Village, Pasar Kliwon District, Surakarta/Solo, as a sign in front and behind the Palace there is a Square or Square, until now a sign is generally used at the Regent’s Office in front of it there is also a square.
This is the symbol and forerunner of the city of Surakarta. Founded for the first time in year 1744 by Sunan Paku Buwono II, Keraton Surakarta is a place that holds a lot of historical value. Did you know, in this palace there is a tower called the Sanggabuwana Stage. It is said that this is where Susuhunan meditated and met Nyai Rara Kidul, the ruler of the South Coast.
Surakarta Hadiningrat Sunanate Palace (https://www.flickr.com)
When visiting this Solo tourist spot, you must comply with various regulations, such as not wearing a hat and sunglasses, not wearing shorts, not wearing sandals and jackets.
You can borrow a bottom cloth to use while walking around the palace area if you find you’re wearing shorts when you get there. The ticket price to enter the palace is IDR 4 thousand per person. If you bring a camera, an additional ticket of IDR 2 thousand will be charged.
Surakarta Hadiningrat Sunanate Palace
Jl. Mangkubumen Sasono Mulyo, Baluwarti Village, Pasar Kliwon District, Surakarta
Information: (62) 271 641 243, 656 432
Opening Days/Hours: Monday to Thursday, 09.00 – 14.00 WIB, Closed Friday, Saturday and Sunday, 09.00 – 15.00 WIB
Vastenburg Fortress (http://wisata.kompasiana.com)
Vastenburg Fort is located on Jl. Mayor Sumarno, Gladak, Surakarta and is surrounded by a wholesale center for batik cloth typical of Solo. Vastenburg Fort, which was used as a Dutch colonial control center to monitor the movements of the Kasunanan Palace,
Formerly this building was named “Grootmoedigheid” and was founded by Governor General Baron van Imhoff in year 1745. This fort was formerly a defensive fort associated with the Dutch governor’s house.
Fort Vastenburg (http://www.skyscrapercity.com)
The fort is surrounded by a complex of other buildings that function as officers’ residences and officers’ dormitories. The shape of the fort wall is in the form of a square at the ends of which there is a protrusion of space called seleka (bastion). Around the six meter high brick wall with bearing wall construction, there is a moat that serves as protection with bridges at the front and back doors. The building consists of several separate barracks with their respective functions in the military. In the middle there is an open area for the preparation of troops or a flag rally. After independence, it served as a military area and dormitory for the 6th Infantry Brigade/Trisakti Baladaya/Kostrad.
Mangkunegaran Temple (Palace)
Mangkunegaran Temple (http://www.skyscrapercity.com)
Mangkunegaran Temple is located on Jl. Ronggowarsito, Banjarsari, Surakarta. The shape of this Mangkunegaran temple is like a palace, but with a smaller size. This building is made of solid teak wood. In this place we can see various historical collections such as dance equipment, puppets, gamelan and other historical items.
Home Dalem, Mangkunegaran family room (http://id.wikipedia.org)
Founded by Raden Mas Said, better known as Prince Sambernyowo in year 1757 after the signing of the Salatiga negotiations on March 13, 1757. Apart from being a symbol of the center of Javanese culture, in Puro Mangkunegaran there is also a museum for storing historical objects with high artistic value such as jewelry for dancing from pure gold, masks from various regions and gamelan. Since 1968, the Palace or Puro Mangkunegaran can be visited by the public for both domestic and international tourists. With the same architectural characteristics as the palace, inside the Mangkunegaran Palace there are pamedan, pavilion, pringgitan, dalem and kaputran which are all surrounded by solid walls. The whole building was built without using nails. The building is built with three main parts, each part of which is a symbol of the three main stages of life: Birth, Life and Death.
Jl. Ronggowarsito, Banjarsari, Surakarta
Information : (62) 271 634 467
Opening days/hours: every day at 09.00 – 14.00 WIB | Sunday / Holiday 09.00 – 13.00 | Friday closed
Loji Gandrung or the Official House of the Mayor of Solo (http://xrose.wordpress.com)
Loji Gandrung or the official residence of the Mayor of Solo is located on Jl. Slamet Riyadi No. 261, Surakarta. Initially, the Solo Mayor’s Office House was the private home of a Dutch plantation entrepreneur, Johanes Agustinus Dezentje . (1797-1839). He married an indigenous woman, Raden Ayu Cokrokusumo, a relative of King Susuhunan Paku Buwono IV (Source: Solo House – Nina Tanjung).
The name Lodji Gandrung is pinned on this building because it was originally often used for dance parties in pairs accompanied by music like a couple who are in love (read: falling in love).
Loji Loji Terrace with Antique Chairs (http://plezierku.wordpress.com)
In the post-independence period, this building was used as the Military Headquarters of the Slamet Riyadi V Brigade. Not only that, Lodji, which is located in the heart of Solo City, was also a witness when General Gatot Soebroto held negotiations to develop tactics to attack the Dutch who rode NICA in 1948-1949 to reclaim their territory. To commemorate the services of General Gatot Subroto, right in the front yard of Lodjie Gandrung there is still a statue of General Gatot Subroto installed. One special room for Lodjie Gandrung was named the Sukarno Room, in memory of President Sukarno during a working visit to Solo in 1961. Unfortunately, this room is not allowed to take pictures.
Until now, the shape of the main building of Loji Gandrung has not changed at all, only the back is added with a joglo. Loji Gandrung is also included in a protected cultural heritage building.
Loji Gandrung or the Official House of the Mayor of Solo
Jl. Slamet Riyadi No. 261, Surakarta
Radya Libraries Museum (http://surakarta.go.id)
Radya Libraries Museum is located at Taman Sriwedari Complex, Jl. Slamet Riyadi, Surakarta, is the oldest museum. It was founded during the reign of Pakubuwono IX by Kanjeng Raden Adipati Sosrodiningrat IV in the Kepatihan palace on December October 28, 1890. Kanjeng Raden Adipati Sosrodiningrat IV had served as Patih Pakubuwono IX and Pakubuwono X. The museum was then moved to its current location, Radya library Museum Building on Jalan Slamet Riyadi, Surakarta, on January 1, 1913.
Radya Libraries Museum (http://bisniswisata.co)
At that time the museum building was the residence of a Dutch citizen named Johannes Busselaar. This museum is famous for its various collections of Javanese cultural heritage such as wayang kulit, wayang golek, kris, Hindu and Buddhist statues, as many as 2500 ancient Javanese books written by Ronggowarsito and Yosodipuro (a great author from Java). The museum, which was previously used as a center for Javanese studies, is located in the Sriwedari park.
Sriwedari Park Complex, Jl. Slamet Riyadi, Surakarta
Information : (62) 271 712 306
Opening days/hours: Every day at 08.00 – 13.00 WIB | Friday 08.00 – 11.00 | Monday closed
Former Kodim Office
The former Surakarta Kodim Office (Ndalem Doyoatmojo)
Formerly located on Jalan Slamet Riyadi Surakarta, this building is closely related to Loji Gandrung as the home of the commander of the Dutch troops and Fort Vastenburg as the center of defense of the Dutch army in the Surakarta area. Since the last few years, the new Kodim office has been on Jalan Ahmad Yani, while the old office has been returned to the owner. Setiawan Jodi once owned this Kodim office. Around 2004, the ownership of this building was taken over by Bp. Nur Harjanto Doyoatmojo, and restored to its original shape and design, and is currently a private residence named Ndalem Doyoatmojo.
Regardless of the history of ownership, the building of the former Kodim Office has the feel of a remnant of the Romantic Age buildings in 18th century Europe. The strength, detail and beauty of the building is in the curves it has.
This building consists of two floors with an irregular floor plan, which is accompanied by a curved and rectangular shape. Like other colonial buildings, this building looks strong and sturdy, and has beautiful architectural art. The design of the building is characterized by the lower walls lined with river stone, strong pillars protruding at the entrance and on the sides of the door. Canopies are visible at the entrance, as well as on the balcony. The dimensions of the doors and windows are made with a large and high size.
Surakarta Class 1A District Court
Surakarta Class 1A District Court (http://pn-surakarta.go.id)
The Class 1A District Court of Surakarta is located at Jalan Slamet Riyadi No. 290, Surakarta. History records that in 1903 there was a reorganization of the judiciary due to dissatisfaction with the system and implementation of the judiciary centered in the Kepatihan. Previously, on October 17, 1901, Sri Susuhunan Paku Buwono X was forced to sign an agreement to hand over the court to the Dutch East Indies Government. Finally, in 1903, the Dutch government confirmed the plan to change the judiciary in Kasunanan and formed several new judicial institutions called Landraad. Landraad is located in the capital and city of the Regency.