History of Introduction to Law – Introduction to Science Law (PIH) comes from the Dutch translation “inleiding tot de recht swtenschap” This term was used in the 1920s, which was included in Horger Onderwijs Wet, or the Law on Higher Education in the Netherlands. Inleiding tot de recht swetenschap is a substitute for the term “Encycloprdie der rechtswetenschap” is a term that was originally used in the Netherlands. Inleiding tot de recht swetenschap, is actually a translation of “Einfuhrung in die Rechtswissenschaft ” a term used in Germany in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
History of Introduction to Law

History of Introduction to Law


In Indonesia, inleiding tot de recht swetenschap has been known since 1924 with the establishment of Recth Hoge School (law school) in Batavia (Jakarta) where it is included in the curriculum.

While the term Introduction to legal science, was used for the first time at the Gajah Mada University/University which was established on March 3, 1946. But actually long before that, precisely in 1942, the term Introduction to Law Various translations of the inleiding tot de recht swetenschap have been studied and until now they have been used as basic courses in every university throughout Indonesia.
  1. Legal Studies study positive law (Constitutum Juice), namely the law that applies at a certain time and in a certain country” and is part of an independent Social Sciences.
  2. Law is developed and entrenched in a society in accordance with the development and cultural level of the society concerned.
  3. In essence, humans as individuals have basic freedoms, both in terms of life and living. In its implementation, human rights must be carried out based on the applicable laws and regulations, especially in Indonesia, human rights have social functions.
  4. Humans as social beings (zoon politicoon) cannot do as they please, because they are bound by the norms that exist and develop in society and are also bound by the interests of others.
  5. The consequence is that in carrying out all the necessities of life and human setup life must do so based on the rules or norms that exist and apply in society, both religious norms, morals, customs and legal norms.
  6. Long before the birth and development of legal norms in society, moral norms, customary norms and religious norms had existed and developed, but society still needed legal norms. This is because:
  7. Not everyone knows, understands, behaves and implements the rules that exist and develop in these norms.
  8. There are still many human interests that are not guaranteed by these norms, for example in the implementation of traffic rules that require everyone and/or vehicles to walk on the left.
  9. There are some interests that are contrary to these norms even though they still require legal protection.
  10. Based on these reasons, legal regulations made by official institutions were created, namely to ensure the smooth running of life and human life in association in society, with the aim of realizing order in the community concerned.
  11. Satjipto Rahardjo (199313) stated that society and order are two things that are very closely related, it can even be said as two sides of the satay coin. It is difficult to say there is a society without an order, regardless of its quality.
  12. Life in society more or less runs in an orderly and orderly manner supported by the existence of an order, because of this order life becomes orderly.
  13. Law in the sense of science called jurisprudence came from the Romans, because this nation was considered to have the best and perfect law when compared to existing and developing laws in other countries. always influenced by Roman Law.
  14. Long before the birth and development of legal norms in society, moral norms, customary norms and religious norms had existed and developed, but society still needed legal norms. This is because:
  15. Not everyone knows, understands, behaves and implements the rules that exist and develop in these norms.
  16. There are still many human interests that are not guaranteed by these norms, for example in the implementation of traffic rules that require everyone and/or vehicles to walk on the left.
  17. There are some interests that are contrary to these norms even though they still require legal protection.
  18. Based on these reasons, legal regulations made by official institutions were created, namely to ensure the smooth running of life and human life in association in society, with the aim of realizing order in the community concerned.
  19. Satjipto Rahardjo (199313) stated that society and order are two things that are very closely related, it can even be said as two sides of the satay coin. It is difficult to say there is a society without an order, regardless of its quality.
  20. Life in society more or less runs in an orderly and orderly manner supported by the existence of an order, because of this order life becomes orderly.
  21. Law in the sense of science called jurisprudence came from the Romans, because this nation was considered to have the best and perfect law when compared to existing and developing laws in other countries. always influenced by Roman Law.
  22. Long before the birth and development of legal norms in society, moral norms, customary norms and religious norms had existed and developed, but society still needed legal norms. This is because:
  23. Not everyone knows, understands, behaves and implements the rules that exist and develop in these norms.
  24. There are still many human interests that are not guaranteed by these norms, for example in the implementation of traffic rules that require everyone and/or vehicles to walk on the left.
  25. There are some interests that are contrary to these norms even though they still require legal protection.
  26. Based on these reasons, legal regulations made by official institutions were created, namely to ensure the smooth running of life and human life in association in society, with the aim of realizing order in the community concerned.
  27. Satjipto Rahardjo (199313) stated that society and order are two things that are very closely related, it can even be said as two sides of the satay coin. It is difficult to say there is a society without an order, regardless of its quality.
  28. Life in society more or less runs in an orderly and orderly manner supported by the existence of an order, because of this order life becomes orderly.
  29. Law in the sense of science called jurisprudence came from the Romans, because this nation was considered to have the best and perfect law when compared to existing and developing laws in other countries. always influenced by Roman Law.

Source :

  1. Sajtipto Rahardjo, Legal Studies, PT. Image of Aditya Bakti Bandung, 2000.
  2. A. Ridwan Halim, SH. Introduction to Law, Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia, 1983.
  3. Sudikno Mertokusumo, Knowing the Law (An Introduction), Yogyakarta, Liberty, 1985.
  4. CST. Kansil, Introduction to Indonesian Law & Legal Administration, Jakarta, PN Balai Pustaka, 1984.

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