Cepu (“tjepoe”) is a sub-district city located in Blora Regency, Central Java. This city is the border between the Provinces of Central Java and East Java with the Bengawan Solo River as the separation. Cepu sub-district is known as a city that produces petroleum and teak wood.

Oil and Gas Mining

The oil well in Cepu was first discovered in 1890 by Bataafsche Petroleum Maatchappij (BPM), an oil company from the Netherlands, which later changed its name to Shell.

After the Independence of the Republic of Indonesia, through a Government Regulation issued by the President on August 20, 1968, PN PERMINA which was engaged in production was merged with PN PERTAMIN which was engaged in marketing in order to unite manpower, capital and resources which at that time were very limited. The combined company is called the National Oil and Gas Mining PN (Pertamina).

Old oil and gas wells scattered in the area around Cepu, Nglobo, Ledok, and Wonocolo. The number of old wells has reached 648, of which 112 are still actively producing.

The name Cepu is increasingly being recognized by the Cepu Block exploration. This block covers the Cepu and Bojonegoro areas with an estimated oil content of millions of barrels. There are two major operators involved in oil exploration, namely Exxon Mobile and Pertamina. Other parties involved are the East Java Government, Central Java Provincial Government, Blora Regency Government, and Bojonegoro Government.

Traditional Mining

Petroleum Mining by the Cepu people (http://kotakatikdikamar.blogspot.com)

Most of the old wells are traditionally mined by the local community. They use ropes and buckets pulled by about 15 people or use cows to tow.

Pulling petroleum buckets with a used Truck with rear wheels (http://www.bedigal.com)

Old wells are generally located in hilly areas and in the middle of teak forests. Thus, extra effort should be able to see it. Kinda like a bit of an adventure.

Angguk Pump (Sucker Rod Pump)

The Dutch Colonial Angguk Pump (http://www.infoblora.com)

Historical tours of old wells still use the Sucker Rod Pump, a legacy from the colonial era. To get there is not difficult, because there are several places that still have wells. Like in Nglobo Village, Jiken District, then Semanggi Village, Jepon District.

Schematic of how the Angguk Pump works (http://pompakompressor.blogspot.com)

From Blora City, head towards Randublatung, then there is a forest products checkpoint, turn left for about 4 km and you can see the well. The bobbing well does have its own peculiarities, in addition to emitting a loud sound, it is also very regular, its shape is also unique.

Loko Tour

Loko Tour starting station (http://www.infoblora.com)

Loko Tours in Cepu have been open since 1978. And this type of tourism is a series of tourist attractions in the Blora Regency area, such as the Teak Research and Development Center owned by the Central Perhutani Public Company located in the Cepu Forest Stakeholder Unit and geological tourism in the form of oil drilling and natural gas. In Central Java, there are only two Loko Tours, namely in Cepu and in Bandung Ambarawa.

old locomotive made by Berliner Maschinenbaun Germany 1928 (http://en.wikipedia.org)

Loko Tour is a tour package in the teak forest of Cepu using a series of trains pulled by an old locomotive made by Berliner Maschinenbaun Germany year 1928. The fuel used is stump (wood root). One trip, this old locomotive requires as much as eight cubic meters of wood (8 staples).

Loko Tour Carriage (http://ardindatyas.blogspot.com)

With this old locomotive that can accommodate a maximum of 60 passengers, I started my journey from the Perhutani Office, Jalan Sorogo, Cepu Forest Stakeholder Unit, about 35 kilometers to the southeast of Blora City. Next, this ancient train passes through the teak forests of the Ledok, Kendilan, Pasar Sore, Blungun, Nglobo, Cabak, and Nglebur forest areas. The mileage reaches 60 kilometers with a maximum speed of 20 kilometers per hour. The location taken is quite interesting because it is at an altitude of 25-30 meters above sea level with an air temperature of 22-34 degrees Celsius and an average rainfall of 1,670 millimeters per year.

Loko Tour Carriage (http://ardindatyas.blogspot.com)

Loko Tour also organizes various kinds of regional arts entertainment, including tayub art, teak planting, logging, seradan, as well as visits to the teak museum and the Forest Bio Technology Development Center.

Loko Tour
Office of Perhutani KPH Cepu
Jln. Sorogo No. 02, Bojonegoro, Central Java
Tel.: (62) 296 423 328

SOS Meeting Hall Sasono Suko

SOS Meeting Hall Sasono Suko, Cepu (http://adepypy.blogspot.com)

The Sasono Suko SOS Meeting Building is located in the village of Wonorejo, Cepu Village.

Cepu Railway Station

Cepu Station (CU) is a train station located in Balun, Cepu, Blora. The station, which is located at an altitude of +28 m above sea level, is located in Operation Area 4 Semarang, and is the easternmost active train station in Central Java. Cepu Station is the largest train station in Blora Regency, and is in front of Ronggolawe Field. From Cepu Station there is a former branching of the railroad to Blora City, which is now inactive.