Bandeng City is the name for Gresik City, this city is located on the outskirts of the north coast in East Java. Gresik is also known as the city of santri and the city of guardians. Gresik comes from the words “Giri” and “Gisik” which means land on the edge of the sea (coastal), then becomes “Giri-sik” and finally turns into “Gresik”. The coastal area of Gresik is famous for its ports and trade since ancient times. The coastal area of the district is also a fishpond area that produces milkfish which is sold from seeds to those that have been cooked into typical food products from Gresik Regency, such as milkfish brain and jenang pudhak.
Batik activities in Gresik existed before the industrial era in Gresik, which was marked by the presence of cement factories and fertilizer factories. However, batik activities are gradually being eroded by the rapidly growing industry. As a result, people prefer to be factory workers with a definite income rather than pursuing batik which is not necessarily the result.
Batik Gresik has been revived by Sanggar Rumpaka Mulya, which is located in Wringinanom Gresik. Gresik batik has several motifs, one of the famous motifs is Loh Bandeng batik. Gresik Batik motifs have philosophical values that reflect the characteristics of Gresik. For example, the Loh Bandeng motif or milkfish which is a typical Gresik fish. Because in Gresik most of the people make a living as milkfish pond farmers. Not only that, even every year, exactly 2 days before Eid al-Fitr, the Gresik community has a distinctive culture, namely holding a milkfish market festival.
The Loh Bandeng motif has both explicit and implicit meanings. This batik motif explicitly contains a message indicating that the Gresik Regency area has superior milkfish products. Implicitly the design of this batik motif contains messages in its arrangement, including the arrangement of fish shapes that are close together almost without gaps, so that the spirit of togetherness and unity remains the main force in achieving noble goals. The diversity of sizes, shapes and colors, as well as the dynamic movement of fish contain a message that all differences can be seen as a form of freedom of expression in a democracy that gives birth to beauty, perfection in the nation. The shape of the headless fish is intended as a message that in maintaining the unity in togetherness one should not impose views and thoughts for personal interests only, but must also prioritize the public interest and human rights.
Batik Gresik Motif Loh Bandeng
There are also other motifs, namely Bawean deer, mangrove motifs, and so on. Bawean deer are the identity fauna of Gresik City, which are also the pride of Gresik residents. Other motifs include Sekar Pudak, Betoyo Guci, Mahkota Giri Kedaton, and so on.
Batik Gresik Bawean Deer Motif
The Mahkota Giri motif is one of the motifs that raises Islamic nuances. In the Mahkota Giri motif there is an image of a limo trap or five-level steps, symbolizing the five pillars of Islam. The picture of Mahkota Giri shows that Sunan Giri was once trusted to lead Giri Kedaton, the forerunner of Gresik.
The Sekar Pudak motif draws six petals of the pudak flower or pandan flower which is commonly used for mats and is a symbol of the six pillars of faith. Nine pollens have the meaning of wali sanga who was instrumental in the development of Islam. The dominance of green in the leaves is a symbol of the city of santri.
Batik Ndulit Gresik
There is a unique designation for typical Gresik batik, namely Batik Ndulit. Named Batik Ndulit, because the dyeing process is done or only applied using a brush from rattan sticks. This Ndulit batik has a characteristic, which is patterned with traditional activities, such as village people doing farming, activities in the market, as well as milkfish scales and giri crowns, and others. The process of making Batik Ndulit is the same as other batik products, batik making begins with making designs, and continues with the canting process. After that, it is continued with the ndulit process, namely coloring through smears followed by the nembok process, using wax, to cover the color. Next, the cloth is boiled to remove the wax. The nglorod process is complete and the cloth is washed clean and then air-dried under the roof of the house so as not to be exposed to sunlight to avoid the color from fading and remaining natural.
Gresik Batik Batik Process
The advantage of this Gresik Batik is that it uses natural dyes from plants. For example, yellow is made from jackfruit, red from noni or the seeds of the cassava tree, greenish yellow from mango. In addition, the color of Batik Gresik also characterizes the color of the coast because Gresik is included in the coastal area.
Efforts made by the local government to develop and preserve are by holding batik training for the next generation. The government held a competition to create Batik Gresik motifs. In addition, it requires civil servants in Gresik Regency to wear Gresik Batik one day a week.
Hope it is useful.