Parud, the collection of the Tembi Museum, the Yogyakarta Cultural House
The creativity of the Javanese traditional community to produce a simple technology is also reflected in a kitchen tool called the parud. In Indonesian, the term scar is known. Its function is to grate coconut. Sometimes the grated results are used to make coconut milk. Sometimes the grated results are mixed or mixed with food, such as gethuk so that it tastes savory.
For the Javanese people, Parud is considered as one of the must-have kitchen tools, because it is an important tool for making coconut milk and others. Indeed, this tool is most widely used to grate coconut. However, it is not uncommon for this tool to sometimes grate herbal ingredients, such as turmeric, ginger, temulawak, and so on. If you can’t find a piping tool, Puld can be an alternative to soften the ingredients for the herbal medicine.
The Javanese people have been familiar with the parod at least before the 1930s. Because there is a Javanese dictionary “Baosastra Java” which records this tool. The dictionary written by WJS Poerwadarminta (1939) on page 473 states that “parud alat is dianggo nisir krambil, lan sapiurute” which means more or less as a tool for measuring coconut. This shows that this tool has long been used by the Javanese people. Of course, other people also know this tool with other terms as well.
Parud is usually made from a piece of wood measuring about 40 cm (length) x 10 cm (width) x 1 cm (thickness). Most of the 1-sided surface is covered with wire nails at regular intervals. While the wood commonly used is hibiscus wood and jackfruit wood.
In its development, the lungs were also made of thin metal with very many holes. Each hole has a protruding part that functions like a wire nail. Even today’s lungs have a four-sided surface, shaped like a block. Each side has a different hole shape with different functions, for example, for grating carrots, coconut, papaya, and so on.
Parud craftsmen in Sodo Village, Gunung Kidul, photo: Desasodo.com
Parud’s presence in Javanese society today can be said to still exist, especially in the villages. Meanwhile, in most big cities, including in traditional markets, Puld has been replaced by coconut milling machines. Indeed, the presence of this coconut milling machine is more effective because it saves energy and time. However, most people still believe that the taste of coconut milk produced by Parud is of higher quality than the results of a coconut milling machine. That is why, there are some people who continue to use grated coconut to produce vegetable coconut milk.
Not only as a measure of coconut, it turns out that Puld can also function as a chopping board. Cutting board is a wooden base as a base or foundation for mixing spices, for example cutting herbs, vegetables, meat, and so on. Indeed, one side of the mortar is smooth wood without wire. So practically, pulverized is also often used as a substitute for chopping board, if you can’t find a chopping board in the kitchen. How to use it, just turn the lungs over on the smooth side at the top.
One of the centers for the production of Puld in DIY is Selorejo Hamlet, Sodo Village, Gunung Kidul. In this area there are about 300 families who make pulmonary crafts. Meanwhile, marketing is carried out outside DIY. In traditional markets, the price of one lung is around Rp. 5,000. This wood grater can last up to 5 years.
On a fresh parsley, so that it is not so sharp and dangerous for women when grating coconut, usually the wire nails are given a banana leaf first and then crushed with a pipe tool. The urinal is made of cylindrical stone, 7-10 cm in diameter and 15-20 cm long. Parud is a sharp cooking utensil and often injures kitchen residents if they are not careful when measuring the coconut.
If the coconut husk is no longer sharp, and a lot of the teeth of the wire are loose, then it is only used as a cutting board, or just thrown away.