A good leader according to Islam All kinds of affairs in this world have been arranged by Allah SWT. All these rules have been written in the Qur’an and As Sunnah which is a source of guidance for Muslims. One example is the problem of leadership.
Definition of leader
In the above explanation it has been mentioned that Islam has determined everything, including the issue of leadership. Before we discuss about a good leader according to Islam, we will first discuss about understanding of leader. What is the meaning of leader? The leader is a figure or an example, a figure who is considered the most central of the running of a service mechanism for the welfare and security of humans.
In the concept of Islam, Leadership is not something that can be taken arbitrarily by anyone, In the Qur’an also found verses relating to the main characteristics that must be possessed by a leader, which are contained in the letter As-Sajdah. According to Islam, both are those who have the spirit of leadership or those who have appropriate and good qualities to imitate or serve as role models for their followers. So what is a good leader according to Islam? All will be explained below.
A good leader according to Islam
Islam has written and regulated all affairs both in the world and in the hereafter in Islamic sources, namely Al Qu’an and As Sunnah. In the Qur’an and Sunnah it is stated that there are at least four criteria that must be possessed by a person as a condition to become a person a good leader according to Islam. All of them are collected in four characteristics possessed by the prophets / apostles as leaders of their people, namely:
- Shidiq, namely truth and sincerity in acting, speaking and acting in carrying out their duties. The opposite is a lie.
- Amanah, namely the belief that makes him maintain and take care of the best what was entrusted to him, both from the people he leads, even more so from Allah SWT. The opponent is a traitor.
- Fathonah, namely intelligence, competence, and reliability that gives birth to the ability to face and overcome problems that arise. The opponent is stupid.
- Tabligh, namely delivering honestly and responsibly for all actions taken (accountability and transparency). The opposite is covering up (lack) and protecting (fault).
An important point that is highly emphasized by Islam regarding leadership is that the orientation of leadership is not a power, but a “trust to serve”, a leadership that does not serve is a ruler, not a leader. The exemplary aspect occupies a central point in the charisma of a leader.