Nowadays, who doesn’t know batik? Want to know more about batik, right? This time we discuss first about the tools and materials for making batik. Check out the article…
Batik is linguistically derived from the Javanese “amba” (writing) and “nitik” (making dots). Meanwhile, by definition, batik is a cloth dyeing technique using night as a color barrier. The goal is that the color does not enter the fabric (wax-resist dyeing). Fabrics or clothing made with this technique, including the use of certain motifs that have specific characteristics are called batik. Indonesian Batik, as a whole technique, technology, as well as the development of the motifs and culture contained in it, has been designated by UNESCO as a Humanitarian Heritage for Oral and Non-material Culture (Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity) since October 2, 2009. Cool, right? ?…. should be proud dong… 🙂
There are various techniques in batik, namely written batik, stamped batik, a combination of written batik and stamped batik. If printing is batik, right? eittts it’s not batik, but batik cloth patterned cloth. Written batik is the art of painting by hand, using canting and heart. Each stroke is closely connected with the heart of the batik maker. How precious is the artistic value of written batik, considering how much wisdom is stored in the complexity of its creation and the meaning it implies. However, even though the pattern is the same, the two batik works will never be exactly the same. The motifs and ornamentation contained in batik have a very interesting level of complexity. Batik represents unique and complex ornamentation in the patterns and colors and geometric shapes it displays.
Let’s see what materials and tools are used in the batik process.
Gawangan is used to attach and spread cloth when making batik. The design of the crossbar is made simple, light and strong for easy portability. The material is made of wood, or bamboo.
Various kinds of Pendulum (http://bangkalanmemory.blogspot.com)
Pendulums are made of tin, or wood, or bagged stone. Its function is to hold the fabric being made batik so that it is not easily blown away by the wind, or because of the accidental pull of the batik maker.
The skillet is a tool to melt the night. The skillet is made of steel, or clay. The skillet should be stemmed so that it can be easily lifted and lowered from the fireplace without using other tools.
The stove is a tool to make a fire that is fueled by oil. There are also electric stoves and gas stoves specifically for batik. You can choose any one.
A tablecloth is a cloth to cover the thigh of the batik maker so that it does not get dripped by the hot night when the canting is blown, or when making batik. You can also use newspapers.
6). Night filter
Night Filter (http://www.fabricbatik.com)
Night filter is a tool to filter the hot night that has a lot of dirt. If the wax is filtered, then the dirt can be removed so that it does not interfere with the passage of the night on the canting shoots when used for batik.
Canting is a tool used to move or take hot liquids. Canting is made of copper and bamboo as the handle. Canting is used to write batik patterns with liquid wax. The world recognizes canting as a tool born from indigenous Indonesian local wisdom, part of the batik art tradition as an intangible cultural heritage. The canting is made with precision in mind so that the wax that comes out of the canting’s mouth can flow smoothly so that the batik results can be as expected. Based on its use, there are 3 types of canting: canting for writing or nglowong, canting for nembok, canting for isen-isen or cecek. There are also canting caps and electric cantings.
8). Mori cloth
Mori cloth (http://kainmori.com)
Mori cloth is a cloth used to make batik, generally from cotton. The quality of mori cloth varies, and the type greatly determines the good or bad of the batik cloth produced. The mori required is in accordance with the desired length of the fabric. The types of mori cloth used for batik are: primissima (best), prima (medium), calico (low), gray calico (bad).
9). Candle or night
Candles or wax are materials used for batik. Actually the night did not run out (lost), because it was finally taken back in the mbabar process, the process from making batik to batikan into cloth. The night used for batik is different from the usual night or candle. The wax for batik is quickly absorbed into the fabric but can be easily removed during the sag process. We can also make our own nights, you know, the materials used are gondorukem (a type of resin from cypress trees), microwax, animal fat, kote wax (from wasp nests), paraffin, cat’s eye (a type of plant), gladagan candles (recycled wax). restart from the nglorod process). Evenings are easy to get at traditional markets. The composition of the night can be different from one region to another.
A pattern is a batik motif in a certain size of cloth as an example of a batik motif to be made. Patterns can be made directly on the fabric and can also be copied from existing patterns.
11). Batik dye
Synthetic Dyes (http://pdfcast.net)
Batik dyes are textile dyes that can give color to batik. Usually the dyes used are natural colors and synthetic colors. Synthetic dyes are usually in the form of napthol, indigosol, procion, direct and so on.
Natural dyes (http://diasraka.wordpress.com)
Natural dyes in the form of high bark, tegeran bark, jackfruit wood, avocado leaves and so on.