Keroncong music may now only be familiar to certain people. The flood of singers and pop bands both at home and abroad has made keroncong music more and more eliminated. However, it is different when you are in Kampung Tugu, Cilincing, North Jakarta. In this place keroncong music is familiar to their ears, even children. No wonder it is. It was in Tugu Village that keroncong music developed (read: History of Keroncong Music). The Quiko family, who are of Portuguese descent, are conservationists of the Keroncong Tugu music. Previously, Keroncong Tugu had stopped for 30 years and was revived in 1970 by Jacobus Quiko. The Keroncong Tugu is proof of the acculturation of Indonesian culture with Portuguese culture. Keroncong music itself entered Indonesia around 1512, when the Portuguese Expedition led by Alfonso de Albuquerque came to Malacca and Maluku in 1512. The Portuguese sailors brought a song of the Fado type, which is a Portuguese folk song with an Arabic tone (minor scale, because the Arabs colonized Portugal / Spain in 711 – 1492.
When Portuguese prisoners and slaves from Goa (India) in Tugu Village were released in 1661 by the Dutch East Indies Government (VOC), they were required to convert from Catholicism to Protestantism, so that the habit of singing Fado songs became required to sing as in the Protestant Church, which at that time major scale. Then in 1880 Keroncong Music was born, and early this Keroncong Music was also influenced by Hawaiian songs in the major scales, which also grew rapidly in Indonesia along with Keroncong Music.
Keroncong Tugu itself was actually founded in 1925 by Joseph Quiko. Originally named Orkes Pusaka Krontjong Moresco Toegoe Anno 1661 (the year the Dutch government released Portuguese prisoners and slaves from India). Then followed by his younger brothers, Jacobus and Samuel Quiko. In 1991 Krontjong Toegoe changed to Cafrinho which means a group of people. However, people are more familiar with the name Keroncong Tugu. From 2006 to present it is led by Guido Quiko, son of Samuel Quiko.
Everyday Guido Quiko–is the fourth Portuguese descendant, works as an arranger and songwriter in a recording studio. He also serves as vice chairman of Sahabat Kota Tua, a collection of creative communities around Jakarta’s Old City. His love for the diversity of Betawi culture makes Guido Quiko have a strong desire to continue to preserve the culture of his ancestors.
There is something unique about the appearance of the Keroncong Tugu Cafrinho and it is a distinctive feature of its own. In every performance, both at home and abroad, the musicians always wear batik pants, koko clothes, complete with beret and scarf.
Until now, Keroncong Tugu continues to practice regularly every Tuesday night. Usually about eight musicians are present playing acoustic instruments, such as guitar, bass, violin, and tambourine. And okulele named macina and frunga. They sing various songs in Malay, Dutch or Portuguese. The song Oude Batavia, for example. Keroncong Tugu Cafrinho is the only music group that still maintains the purity of Tugu’s distinctive music. They are not easily influenced by other musical cultures that are growing in Indonesia. Even though now not all of the personnel are of Portuguese descent.
More information contact
Cafrinho Monument Keroncong
Jl. Raya Tugu No.28, RT 003 / RW 014, Tugu Utara, Koja, North Jakarta 14260
Tel.: +62 21 4412282, +62 817 497 4414