The population of Bengkulu Province comes from three large ethnic groups consisting of the Rejang, Serawai, Lembak and Malay tribes. There are four regional languages used by the people of Bengkulu, namely, Malay, Rejang, Pekal and Lembak.
Bengkulu Malays are an ethnic group in Bengkulu province and are the fourth most populous ethnic group in the province. In general, Bengkulu Malays live in the provincial capital of Bengkulu, the city of Bengkulu.
Bengkulu Malay has several pronunciations in common with other Malays, such as Minang Malay, Palembang Malay, Jambi Malay, and Riau Malay, especially those with an “o” accent. The Malay language spoken in Bengkulu is almost similar to the Malay dialect of Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
The original Bengkulu people really pay attention to speech or greetings or calls to someone. Especially for people who are older, it is taboo to just call their name like calling their peers. Because in Bengkulu Province there are various languages, the following is a call or greeting to someone according to the language of Bengkulu City:
• Male parents are addressed: Father, Bak, or Abah
• Female parents are addressed: Mak, Mother
• The eldest brother is addressed: Dang
• Middle brother is addressed: Donga
• Little brother is called: Docik
• Oldest sister addressed: Inga
• Middle sister is addressed: Ciknga
• Little sister is called: Dodo, Ms Anjong, Ms Endek
• The youngest brother or sister is addressed: Youngest
• Uncle addressed: Wan • Aunt (father’s or mother’s brother) addressed: Cucik, Bucik
• Parents of father or mother who are male are addressed: Datuk
• Parents of the female father or mother are addressed: Grandmother
• Datuk’s or Grandmother’s parents are addressed: Poyang
• Men who are the same age as Wan are addressed: Pak Uncu
• Women who are the same age as Cucik, Bucik is called: Uncu
• Father’s or Mother’s older brothers are addressed: Pakdang
• The female father or mother is called: Ibudang
• Boys who are the same age as older brothers are addressed: Udo
• Women who are the same age as older sisters are addressed: Cuk Udo, Uning
• Uncle or Aunt’s children are addressed: Donga (for boys) or Ciknga (for girls)
• Wan’s child or Cucik’s child is addressed: Nakan
• Children of grandchildren are called: Piyut
• Piyut’s children are called: Great-grandson
There is an old petitih petata (original Bengkulu) written in an ancient Arabic script, Bengkulu language in 1553 AD, the name of the author is not mentioned or not found or damaged, lost. Because when this manuscript was found, it was shabby, weathered and some of it had been damaged by age. Only the year of writing is still visible. This manuscript was found in Banten Province in 1994, reads in the translation approximately as follows:
Endak Möran pa-ï Lopak,
Dihulu tempek musty (father),
Dimuar tempek parent,
That’s where the intention is.
(This ancient text appears to be a collection of sea children’s songs).
The words contained in it have a high philosophical meaning: If you want to find a better life, go to the city. If you want to rest, relax and calm your mind, come back together in your homeland, and donate some of the wealth you have earned in someone else’s country, in Bengkulu’s beloved mother country.
There are four Bengkulu words that we get from this petitih petata, namely the words Möran, pa-ï, Lopak, and tidü while other words such as the words biduk, upstream, muarë (o) are taken from the Malay language. Perhaps there are more Bengkulu words, which are not yet known.
Rejang Language Alphabet (http://lastia.wordpress.com)
Rejang language, is the language spoken by the Rejang tribe in the areas of Lebong, Kepahiang, Curup and up to the edge of the Ulu Musi river on the border with South Sumatra. The Rejang tribe occupies Rejang Lebong district, Kepahiang district, and Lebong district. The dialect of the language spoken by Rejang speakers is much different from Malay and other regional languages in Sumatra. The Rejang tribe is one of the 18 largest ethnic circles in Indonesia.
Rejang language has differences in speaking dialects of the language. The Rejang Kepahiang dialect is different from the Rejang Curup dialect in Rejang Lebong district, the North Bengkulu Rejang dialect (identical to the Rejang Curup dialect), and the Rejang Lebong dialect in Lebong district.
Dialect in Rejang language:
- Rejang Kepahiang dialect
- Rejang Curup Dialect
- Rejang Lebong dialect
Of the three Rejang dialect groupings, currently Rejang is divided into Rejang Kepahiang, Rejang Curup, and Rejang Lebong. However, even though the dialects of the three Rejang languages are relatively different, every native speaker of the Rejang language can understand each other even though there are differences in vocabulary during communication.
- Do = one
- Duey = two
- Telew = three
- Pat = four
- Lemo = five
- Enum = six
- Tojok = seven
- Lapen = eight
- Smilan = nine
- Sepoloak = ten
- Dueipoloak = twenty
- Mopoloak = fifty
- Sotos = one hundred
- Serebay = a thousand