Fundamentals of Anatomy Physiology – Definition of Physiological AnatomyAccording to (Martini 2001) Anatomy is a science that studies the inside (internal) and the outside (external) of the structure of the human body and its physical relationship with other body parts.

Fundamentals of Anatomy Physiology


Anatomy is the study of parts of the human body either in whole or in pieces or in part.

Physiology is the study of the physiology (function) of the human body. So, anatomy and physiology is the study of parts of the human body, and how those body parts work.

Anatomical Classification

a). Microscopic anatomy is the study of structures that cannot be seen with the naked eye. The term name for a microscopic cell is cytology. And the term name of a microscopic tissue is histology.

b). Macroscopic anatomy is the study of a large structure that can be seen with the naked eye, among others, surface anatomy (the characteristics and the surface), regional anatomy (focusing on a particular area), systemic anatomy (study of organs in a system), developmental anatomy (the study of organ systems). study the changes of a structure).

Physiological Classification

The physiological specifications of the anatomy include:

– Cell physiology (study of cell function and its parts)

– Specific physiology (study of an organ)

– Systemic physiology (study of organ function systemically)

Pathological physiology (studying the effects of disease on an organ)

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