Formation of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI)
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Previously, to find out more about the proclamation, please visit:
Supporting Articles: Proclamation Events and Rangesdengklok Events
A. SOEKARNO’S SPEECH DURING THE PROCLAMATION
Brothers and sisters!
I have asked you to be here to witness the most important event in our history.
For decades we, the Indonesian people, have been fighting for the freedom of our country-even for hundreds of years!
There are waves in our actions to win independence that rise, and some fall, but our spirit is still set in the direction of our ideals.
Also during the Japanese era our efforts to achieve national independence never stopped. In Japanese times it just appears that we bow to them. But basically, we still continue to build our own strength, we still believe in our own strength.
Now has come the moment when we truly take the fate of our actions and the fate of our country into our own hands. Only a nation brave enough to take fate into its own hands will be able to stand in strength.
Because last night we had discussions with Indonesian leaders from all over Indonesia. That the deliberative assembly unanimously argued that now had come the time to declare independence.
We hereby express our solidarity with that determination. Listen to our Proclamation:
WE THE NATION OF INDONESIA HEREBY DECLARE THE INDEPENDENCE OF INDONESIA.MATTERS REGARDING THE TRANSFER OF POWER AND OTHER THINGS HAVE BEEN HELDCAREFULLY AND IN THE SHORTEST TIME.
DJAKARTA, 17 AUGUST 1945
ON BEHALF OF THE INDONESIAN NATION.
We are now free!
No more colonialism that binds our country and our nation!
From now on we build our country. A free state, the Republic of Indonesia is eternally and eternally independent. May God bless and keep our freedom safe!
B. FORMATION OF THE UNITED STATE OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA (NKRI)
The reading of the text of the proclamation by Ir. Soekarno and Mohd Hatta on Jl. Pengangsaan Timur no. 56 (Soekarno’s residence) has given new enthusiasm to all Indonesian people. As a result of reading the text, the Indonesian people have become independent from the hands of the Japanese, and can determine their fate in their own hands.
The PPKI session which was held on August 18, 1945 has taken a decision, determined, and ratified that the Constitution has become the basis of the Indonesian State (UUD 1945). Thus, the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia has been formed which adheres to the presidential system as its government system, by electing Ir. Soekarno and Mohd. Hatta respectively as President and Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia. They were elected based on a proposal from Otto Iskandardinata and received approval from the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI).
The first thing that becomes an obstacle is the dissemination of news or information on Indonesian independence to all corners of the country. This is due to the vast area of Indonesia, coupled with inadequate communication tools. However, this did not dampen the fighting spirit of Indonesian youth.
The spread of news of independence in Java can be done easily and quickly. The text of the proclamation on that day had also arrived in the hands of the Head of the Radio Section of the Domei office (now Antara radio). He received the manuscript from a journalist named Syahruddin. Then, he ordered F. Wuz to broadcast to all corners of the country about this independence.
As a result of the broadcast, the leadership of the Japanese army in Java corrected this and said that what was broadcast was wrong. At its peak, on August 20, 1945, the Domei news agency was sealed and its employees barred from entering. However, a journalist named Jusuf Ronodipuro created a new radio broadcaster, from which the efforts to broadcast Indonesia’s independence continued to spread.
The spread of news of Indonesia’s independence is not limited to air. There are many things that young people do in an effort to spread independence. They also put up placards, and wrote independence slogans in the form of graffiti on the walls and train carriages.
News of the spread of Indonesian independence was also disseminated through regional representatives who were present at the PPKI session on August 18, 1945. They were T.Muhammad Hasan from Aceh, Sam Ratulangi from Sulawesi, Ketut Pudja from Bali, and AA Hamidan from Kalimantan.
C. FIGURES WHO ROLE IN THE PROCLAMATION
FORMATION OF THE UNITED STATE OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA
The proclamation event which was held on August 17, 1945 at 10.00 WIB has given new enthusiasm to the Indonesian people. With this proclamation, the Indonesian people have been freed from the influence of colonialism and have the right to determine their own destiny. National figures have done a lot to make Indonesia a sovereign state. They tirelessly continued to discuss. The following are some of the figures who played a role in the events of the proclamation:
There is no doubt that Soekarno was involved in various events to win the independence of the Indonesian nation. He is known as the father of the proclamation. He was a national figure who became a great thinker and was very critical of the colonial policies that did not take sides with the indigenous people. Ir.Soekarno also compiled the 5 points of Pancasila which until now have been used as the basis of the State of Indonesia. On August 17, 1945, it was he who read the text of the proclamation that had been compiled in the evening accompanied by Mohd. Hatta.
Mohd.hatta together with Ir.Soekarno are the fathers of the Indonesian nation. He always faithfully accompanied Ir. Soekarno to think about and design the independence of the Indonesian nation. Mohd.hatta was appointed by Japan to be the representative of PPKi accompanying Ir.Soerkarno.
Sayuti Melik is also a nationalist figure who was also present at the proclamation event. In fact, Sayuti Melik was the one who typed the text of the proclamation which was copied from the original handwriting written by Ir. Soekarno. He is also a member of the PPKI.
Sukarni is a youth figure who when he heard the news that Japan had surrendered unconditionally to the allies, he and his other friends immediately urged the old group led by Ir. Soekarno to immediately proclaim the independence of the Indonesian nation. They kidnapped Ir, Soekarno and Mohd. Hatta to Rengasdengklok. This event is known as the “Rengasdengklok incident”.
He is one of the figures who participated in the preparation of the text of the proclamation together with other figures. He is a journalist who plays a very important role in broadcasting the news of the proclamation to all corners of the country.
There are still many figures surrounding the proclamation that are not mentioned above. They with all their strength, both energy and mind, fought for the creation of the proclamation which marked the independence of the Indonesian nation from the hands of the invaders.
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