People usually call it “silver craft”. There are also those who only say, “silver” (only). Ratna “Mah, give me a silver brooch, if you want to go to Yogya”. But did you know that the objects made of silver, copper or gold have a name, namely Filigri.
Filigri or in Latin “phylum” and “granum” meaning “thread” and “seed” is an art craft used to make jewelry or art products made of metallic materials such as gold, silver or copper using metal threads or finely twisted wire. , woven, shaped and united with solder into a certain shape.
Kotagede Silver Products Yogyakarta (http://dewey.petra.ac.id)
The combination of filigree is taken from various pieces of shape planes after each field is filled with metallic threads that are full of motifs. The diversity of these motifs then forms an attractive and creative jewelry. Not always jewelry, filigree is applied. In its current journey, filigree has penetrated as living room display objects, glasses, teapots, pill boxes to miniatures.
The process utilizes hands-on skills and takes a lot of time, sometimes demanding a relatively high price. Meanwhile, filigree must compete with most jewelry made en masse from neighboring countries. In fact, if we look deeper, filigree is the identity of the Indonesian nation. Because in it are presented carvings that describe the culture, nature and culture of the Indonesian nation from the maker which incidentally represents where he was born, where he grew up, where he formed his character with the background of Indonesian culture.
Fieldwork hat (http://www.kotagedesilver.com/)
History of Filigri in Indonesia
It is believed that the filigree technique has its roots in Classical Greece, the period of 400 years BC. With the discovery of a filigree knife in the Tomb of the Queen of Mesopotamia Pu-Abi, Egypt. The second discovery was some gold and silver rings from 1350 BC in the tomb of the Egyptian Pharaoh Tut ankh amun.
While in Indonesia itself, filigree entered the era of Dutch colonialism through the role of Vereenigde Osst-Indische Compagnie VOC as a Dutch trading company. Many foreigners at that time ordered household appliances from gold, silver, copper and brass to the craftsmen of the archipelago.
Now, filigree is better known as being in Kota Gede, Yogyakarta. “There is no written information that I can obtain about the exact year. However, from the elderly craftsmen, it was stated that in the 1950s the late Mr. Sastro Dimulyo and his company SSO were the pioneers who introduced the filigree technique in Kotagede.” as explained by Selly Sagita, an entrepreneur and development of silver handicrafts in Jogja, with his shop named Borobudur Silver in a book entitled Filigri Indonesia, Contemporary Jewelry with Traditional Techniques.
Source: Indonesian Mahligai