Environmental Impact Analysis (AMDAL)
Environmental Impact Analysis (Amdal)
Environmental impact analysis – Impact analysis environment (in Indonesia, known as AMDAL) is a study of the major and significant impacts of a planned business and/or activity on the environment which is required for the decision-making process regarding the operation of a business and/or activity in Indonesia. This AMDAL is made when planning a project that is expected to have an impact on the surrounding environment. What is meant by the environment here is the abiotic, biotic and cultural aspects. The legal basis for AMDAL in Indonesia is Government Regulation no. 27 of 2012 concerning “Permits Environment” which is a replacement for PP 27 of 1999 on Amdal.

The development carried out always has an impact on the environment, both positive and negative. This impact must be analyzed as well as possible to get input and consideration in order to create a healthy and comfortable environment.

The definition and definition of AMDAL was first introduced in 1969 by the National Environmental Policy Act in the United States. According to Law no. 23/1997 on Environmental Management and PP No. 27/1999 on Impact Analysis environment (AMDAL) is a study on the major and significant impacts of a planned business and/or activity on the environment which is required for the decision-making process regarding the operation of a business and/or activity.

AMDAL is a study of major and significant impacts on the environment, made at the planning stage, and used for decision making. Matters reviewed in the AMDAL process: physical-chemical, ecological, socio-economic, socio-cultural, and public health aspects as a complement to a feasibility study of a business plan and/or activity. Analysis of environmental impacts on the one hand is part of a feasibility study to carry out a business and/or activity plan, on the other hand it is a requirement that must be met to obtain a permit to conduct a business and/or activity. Based on this analysis, it can be known more clearly the major and important impacts on the environment, both negative and positive impacts that will arise from businesses and/or activities so that steps can be prepared to overcome negative impacts and develop positive impacts.

To measure or determine the major and significant impacts, the following criteria are used:

  • the large number of people who will be affected by the planned business and/or activity;
  • wide area of ​​impact distribution;
  • the intensity and duration of the impact;
  • the number of other environmental components that will be affected;
  • the cumulative nature of the impact;
  • reversible or irreversible impact.

According to PP No. 27/1999 article 3 paragraph 1 Businesses and/or activities that are likely to have a major and significant impact on the environment include:

  • changing land forms and landscapes,
  • exploitation of natural resources, both renewable and non-renewable,
  • processes and activities that have the potential to cause waste, pollution and environmental damage, as well as the deterioration of natural resources in their utilization,
  • processes and activities whose results can affect the natural environment, the artificial environment, as well as the social and cultural environment,
  • processes and activities whose results will affect the conservation of resource conservation areas and/or the protection of cultural heritage,
  • introduction of plant species, animal species, and micro-organisms;

The general purpose of AMDAL is to maintain and improve environmental quality and reduce pollution so that the negative impact is as low as possible. Thus, AMDAL is needed for the decision-making process regarding the implementation of planned activities that have an impact on the environment.

The functions of the Environmental Impact Analysis are:

  • Materials for regional development planning
  • Assist in the decision-making process regarding the environmental feasibility of the business and/or activity plan
  • Provide input for the preparation of detailed technical designs of business and/or activity plans
  • Provide input for the preparation of environmental management and monitoring plans
  • Provide information to the public on the impact of a business plan and or activity
  • The beginning of a recommendation on a business license
  • As a Scientific Document and Legal Document
  • Environmental Eligibility Permit

Source :

  • Law no. 23 of 1997 concerning Environmental Management
  • http://pengertian-definisi.blogspot.com/2011/10/lingungan.html