Environmental Elements – Environment includes plains, hills, mountains, seas, sky lit by the sun. Environment is part of the environment. The environment is the unity of space with all objects, power, conditions and living things including humans and their behavior that affect the life and welfare of humans and other living creatures. Environment covers aspects of the physical environment, biological environment, and socio-cultural environment.
Space in the sense of the environment mentioned above is a gathering place for environmental components. Thus, where there are environmental components, there is space. In this space an ecosystem takes place, which is an arrangement of living organisms in which the abiotic environment and these organisms interact in a harmonious and stable manner, giving and receiving life.
Based on the definition of the environment above, we can know that the elements of the environment are as follows:
1. Physical/Abiotic Elements
Abiotic elements is a term that is usually used to refer to something that is not living (inanimate objects and is a formation of nature or elements contained in the living environment for interconnected media. Abiotic components are components that make up an ecosystem consisting of non-living objects. In detail, abiotic components are physical and chemical conditions around organisms that become the medium and substrate to support the life of the organism. Abiotic elements are very influential for our lives because if there are no abiotic elements, we cannot reproduce perfectly. Example: water , land, air, mountains, sea, sunshine.
2. Biotic/Biological Elements
Biotic is everything that is around us which is a component of the environment consisting of living things (organisms). Basically, living things can be classified based on certain types, such as human, animal and plant groups. Living things based on their size are classified into microorganisms and macroorganisms. Humans are biotic factors that have the strongest influence on this earth, either in the effect of destroying and multiplying, or accelerating the spread of animals and plants. Based on the role and function, living things are divided into three types, namely:
- Producers are living things that are able to convert inorganic substances into organic substances (autotrophs). This process can only be carried out by plants with chlorophyll by means of photosynthesis. Examples of producers are algae, mosses and green plants.
- Consumers are heterotrophic organisms that cannot make their own food and depend on other organisms, both heterotrophs and autotrophs. Consumers are usually animals. Animals that eat plants directly (herbivores) are called primary consumers. Animals that eat primary consumers are called second consumers and so on to form a food chain. The last consumer is called the peak consumer. An example of a peak consumer is humans.
- Decomposers are organisms that break down organic materials into inorganic ones for later use by producers. Decomposers are also known as detritivores or scavengers. Examples of decomposer organisms are spoilage bacteria and fungi. Every living thing can only live and reproduce in a suitable environment, which is called a habitat. In an ecosystem, every organism has a specific function and task. This is known as nisia. Therefore, the biotic components of an ecosystem can be grouped according to the species. big there are four nisia. Forests also include biotic elements.
3. Socio-Cultural Elements
What is meant by socio-cultural elements? Socio-cultural elements are everything around us that is man-made or everything that comes from thoughts or ideas, and beliefs in human-made behavior and reason, Examples: buildings, roads, bridges, vehicles, science, technology and others. other. This element plays a role in environmental changes to meet the needs of human life.