Environmental Concepts in Indonesia – Environment, in Indonesia it is often also called “the environment”. For example in Law no. 23 of 1997 concerning Environmental Management, the definition of the Environment is the unity of space with all objects, forces, conditions, and living things, including humans, and their behavior, which affect the survival and welfare of humans and other living creatures. AFA Understanding the environment can be said as everything that is around humans or living things that have reciprocal and complex relationships and influence each other between one component and another.
In an environment there are two important components of its formation so as to create an ecosystem, namely biotic components and abiotic components. The biotic component of the environment includes all living things in it, namely animals, humans, plants, fungi and other living things. while abiotic components are inanimate objects that are beneficial for the survival of living things in an environment which includes soil, water, fire, stone, air, and so on.
A deeper understanding of the environment according to Law no. 23 of 2007 is the unity of space with all objects or living things, including humans and all their behavior for the sake of sustaining the life and welfare of humans and other living creatures around them.
Environmental elements can be divided into three, namely:
- Biological elements (Biotics) are elements of the environment consisting of living things, such as humans, animals, plants, and micro-organisms. If you are in the school garden, the biological environment is dominated by plants. But if you are in the classroom, the dominant biological environment is your friends or fellow human beings.
- Socio-cultural elements, namely the social and cultural environment created by humans which are a system of values, ideas, and beliefs in behavior as social beings. Community life can achieve order thanks to the existence of a system of values and norms that are recognized and adhered to by all members of society.
- Physical (Abiotic) elements are elements of the environment consisting of non-living objects, such as soil, water, air, climate, and others. The existence of the physical environment has a very large role for the survival of all life on earth.
Law no. 23 of 1997 concerning Environmental Management.