Friends of GPS Wisata Indonesia, if you are a fan of batik and other traditional fabrics, do you know how to properly care for them? It must be disgusting if the batik that we bought a few months ago and only used a few times, the color is faded and dull. You could be wrong in the treatment. Treat your batik cloth in a special way, don’t carelessly take care of it, especially if your batik is classified as rare, expensive or old batik that has been passed down from generation to generation.
Logically, when we wear batik, we will not do heavy work, for example working in a workshop full of oil or working in a field full of mud. So even in washing it does not need to use heavy chemicals, for example washing with detergent.
The most important care for batik cloth is how to wash it, what soap to use, and how to dry it after washing. For batik cloth and clothing, it is highly recommended not to use detergent when washing. Detergents are not suitable for batik and other traditional fabrics. The wrong washing process and the use of detergent when washing can damage the texture of the fabric and its color. In addition to using detergent, many people suggest washing their batik with soap and shampoo.
The use of soap and shampoo to clean batik is better than detergent. Soap is made from vegetable or animal fats heated with an alkaline solution such as sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide. The content of shampoo is generally in the form of a cleaning agent in the form of a surfactant system, sometimes a little foam booster is added to change the nature of the foam produced by the surfactant. Commonly used surfactants are anionic surfactants, such as sodium lauryl ether sulfate (also often called sodium laureth sulfate), sodium lauryl sulfate, and ammonium compounds. Soaps and shampoos are usually used to clean dirt that comes in contact with human skin. Meanwhile, detergent is used to clean clothes that are not in direct contact with the human body. So that the use of shampoo and soap on batik cloth is softer and safer than detergent.
Detergent is the result of technological advances, but the impact is very damaging to the environment. Detergent is a mixture of synthetic and natural chemicals that have the property of being able to attract impurities from the fabric. Detergents are cleaners that consist of surface active agents (surfactants), phosphates, silicates, bleaches, fragrances, foam builders, optical brighteners (materials that make clothes shine), linear alkyl sulfonate (LAS) active ingredients, or sodium benzene sulfonate (Na -ABS). Detergent has a very alkaline pH level (9.5-12), so it is corrosive, this property can weaken batik cloth. Cleaning agents such as chlorine, a chemical widely used as bleach in detergents, take 150 years to completely decompose. This chlorine substance can fade the beauty of the color of batik cloth. Currently there are several detergent manufacturers that make liquid detergent specifically for batik cloth. The ingredients consist of 13.9% Lauryl Ether Sulfate and 3% Alkyl Polyglucoside. The cleaning content comes from natural ingredients so that the color does not fade easily and gives a fresh and natural fragrance.
Attack Batik Cleaner (Source: http://www.reviews-review.com)
Indeed, the substance content in shampoo and soap is better and friendly, it does not damage the fabric too much than the use of detergent in cleaning batik cloth. However, at best these materials still contain chemicals that can damage the environment and also damage the beauty of good fabrics. Choose the traditional method, although sometimes it’s a bit complicated, but it’s more friendly and doesn’t damage the batik cloth.
If indeed there is no other choice and you have to use shampoo, soap, and detergent in washing batik cloth. Choose the right product and environmentally friendly. Of the many products on the market, are there any that are really environmentally friendly? Although to prove an environmentally friendly product, you must go through laboratory tests, but you can also help prevent environmental pollution by minimizing the use of soap, shampoo, and detergent according to the recommended dose in washing batik cloth. Some people are still guided by the idea that washing batik to keep it bright must go through dry cleaning. Whereas dry cleaning chemicals can also damage the original color of the batik itself.
Lerak Fruit (http://alchemistviolet.blogspot.com)
It turns out that the traditional way of washing batik is safer, environmentally friendly, and does not damage the batik cloth. Some people still use lerak to wash their batik. Besides being able to clean dirt, lerak can also preserve the color of batik cloth. Now on the market, ready-to-use lerak soap is also available. For a discussion on how to properly care for batik, you should immediately read about Lerak.
It is very unfortunate if the batik cloth or clothing is damaged due to improper care. With the right way of cleaning, drying, ironing, and storing your batik cloth or clothing, it can last a long time and its beauty lasts. Now, you can consider batik cloth as a personal investment. There is nothing wrong, apart from preserving the richness of Nusantara fabrics, we also preserve the surrounding environment by minimizing the use of detergent.
Hope it is useful.