Definition of Supply (Supply) ~ Supply Theory in science economy, is a description of the relationships between aspects that exist in the market. These relationships consist of potential buyers and sellers of an item. Bidding capital is used to determine the price and quality of goods to be sold in the market. Now this model is very important to carry out analysis activities at the micro-economic level of the behavior and interactions of buyers and sellers.
according to Hanafie (2010), in science economy offer terms (supply) has the meaning of the amount of a certain item that is willing to be sold at various possible prices, within a certain period of time, ceteris paribus. Supply shows the amount (maximum) that is willing to be sold at various price levels or at what price (minimum) is still encouraging sellers to offer various quantities of an item. The relationship between the price per unit and the quantity willing to sell is formulated in the law of supply: ceteris paribus, the producer or seller tends to produce and offer more at a high price than at a low price.
Definition of Offer (Supply)
Definition of Offer (Supply)

Transactions in the market do not materialize if there is only a request from the buyer. Demand can be realized if there are goods and services provided by the seller (supply). Thus, when there is supply and demand, transactions occur in the market.

In economic activity, producers produce goods/services but are not used for their own purposes but to be sold to consumers with the aim of making a profit or profit. This is what is called an offer. Supply shows the amount of goods and services offered by producers to consumers at various price levels and at certain times.

Offer is “a number of goods or services offered by sellers (producers) at various price levels and within a certain time (per day, per week, per year)”.

As in request according to economy Micro offers explained that offers can also be classified into individual offers and market offers.
  • Individual bidding is an offer made by a seller in offering various quantities of goods at various price levels.
  • Market supply is the total supply obtained from the sum of individual offers of a good or service at various price levels.

Supply is the amount of goods or services available and can be sold by sellers at various price levels, and at a certain time. Several factors affect the offer:

  • the price of the goods themselves;
  • Production source prices;
  • Production rate; and
  • Expectations/estimates.

Reference :

  1. Firdaus, Muhammad. 2008. Agribusiness Management. Jakarta: Earth Literacy.
  2. Hanafie, Rita. 2010. Introduction to Agricultural Economics. Yogyakarta: ANDI Publisher.
  3. Suparmoko, Introduction to Microeconomics, BPFE Yogyakarta, 2000.
  4. Farid Wijaya, Macroeconomic theory, BPFE. UGM, Yogyakarta 1999.
  5. http://myilmu Lintas Ekonomi.html
  6. http://myilmu Lintas