Definition of library or library are:
- a building or part of a building which contains books that may be borrowed by the public (public library) or by members of a special group.
- a collection of books.
- a room or other place where books are kept and may be looked at, usually with tables at which to study.
- a set of books looking alike, usually on related subjects.
While the library has been around for a long time and is older than books as we see below: “The library is older than the book as we know it, older than paper, older than print” (1988 : 307).” The term library even dates back to the time of Mesopotamia and Ancient Egyptian culture when people used scroll, papyri, clay before the writing system was born. Whereas the function of libraries for centuries is to: “to collect, to preserve, and to make available.” (1988:307). That’s why, when someone walks into the library it seems a bit scary, shy, quiet and sinister. Libraries are intimidating perhaps because libraries are quiet and silent; maybe because it’s just a book.
Whatever happens, many students or students feel a little uncomfortable when they enter the university library for the first time. The shelves are full of books and they feel empty. We all will feel the same too, but after touching the collection that is not in the library, we will feel inspired by the book and the books will become one of the centers of information and we will no longer feel anxious. Libraries are guides rather than tyrants: they are authoritarian, not authoritarian.
In this context Emerson wisely said, as quoted by Meyer (1979:18) in his book, The Little Brown guide to Writing Research Papers:Meek 2 young men grow up in libraries, believing it their duty to accept the views which say”….those books are in the library, not to intimidate or enslave you but to serve you.” Once we study the college library efficiently, we will be able to use other libraries whether large or small. Because libraries, even though large or small, contain a lot of information, and libraries must be managed properly and perfectly.
Fortunately in America almost all libraries are organized equally and consist of:
- Circulation Desk Circulation desk is a place where books are checked out. If we want to find a book and it is not in its place, then we can look for it on the circulation desk.
- Reference Area Two important parts of the reference area are reference books and reference libraries. Reference books function to provide information on various subjects or guides in further research or study. Reference collections should not be carried anywhere and must be ready for anyone to use. The contents are: almanacs, atlases, bibliographies, directories, dictionaries, encyclopedias, handbooks and indexes to periodicals.
- Card Catalog The Card Catalog is an alpha calf index of the books in the library. Card Catalog provides information about what books and where they are located.
- Stacks The stacks are bookshelf units that hold the general collection of the library. There are open and closed stacks.
- Reserve Room Reserve room is a room to store temporary books taken from stacs that are used specifically for a course. If the lecturer considers it important, then the book can be taken and provided for students to use.
- Current Periodicals Current periodicals – both popular magazines and journals are usually displayed alphabetically or with reminder numbers. Old news periodicals compiled, tied in stacks.
- Microforms Microforms consist of various types of photo materials in the form of films that have been reduced in size. Previous stories from newspapers and periodicals as well as prints taken from books were stored on microforms.
- Audiovisual Materials If your university does not have a separate media center, then audio materials should be kept in your library. The collection here consists of recordings, tapes, films, slides, and other non-printed media.
- Interlibrary loans If our library does not have what we want, we can borrow these materials from other libraries through interlibrary loans. Note that it can take several weeks to obtain these materials through interlibrary loan services.
- Other Services
Image Library and its parts
THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
The U.S. National Library, founded in 1800 by decree of Congress, stores and provides for the transfer of government documents from Philadelphia to Washington DC As an agency or branch of law, the Library of Congress is under the control of congressional librarians who are appointed by the president with the approval of the Senate. The library’s joint committee provides congressional oversight. It was the Congress that carried out the necessary efforts for the operation of the library. Funds for collection procurement projects and collection procurement projects and other government projects are transferred to the library.
Assistance in the form of money for urgent expenses or shopping from various aids has added to the supply of funds for the library of congress. Perhaps because it is the largest library in the world, the Library of Congress maintains and maintains a collection of references, especially the US national heritage and treasure. Of the 61 million types of objects contained in it: 15 million are books, 30 million manuscripts (including the president’s personal papers, 3 million maps, 3 million musical works, recordings, newspapers, posters and antique prints).
In its main function, the Library of Congress serves as a reference and research facility for Congress. The library serves as a bibliographic resource for executives and government branches. As a national catalog and library world reading list center, The Library of Congress provides a catalog system and classification service, produces a unified catalog and recording center for various US and Canadian state wealth data or records and shares information with other libraries in various research and scientific developments. library. The library of congress is the center for administering the American copyright system and is the official publishing bank of the American government and foreign governments and is also the center for storing various library gifts for the American nation. In a world-class enrichment program, this library obtains various publications of intellectual works in rapid cataloging for libraries in America and obtains materials from foreign libraries that have been controlled by US-controlled funds as many as 350 libraries and have made good exchanges in official publications or other publications. The national program to provide and provide free library materials to the visually impaired and disabled is carried out and directed by this library.
In addition to providing leadership in the federal government’s inter-library collaboration program, the library cooperates in national and international library activities and frequently represents the United States government at international conferences on copyright and other topics concerning library functions. . The library collection is open to adults in two common rooms and a special room. Its use is further expanded by inter-library lending, photoduplication and facsimile publications, bibliographies and other manuals. Charitable activities can enlarge and increase public use of library collections through literacy performances and programmes, tour shows and records sold from literature and folk song archives.