Welcome to softilmu, a simple blog that shares knowledge with sincerity. This time we will share knowledge about PPKI (Committee for the Preparation of Indonesian Independence), Some of the main things we will cover are, What is PPKI?, History of PPKI, PPKI member, and PPKI’s Tasks. Go ahead, hopefully the knowledge can be useful J
PPKI’S UNDERSTANDING AND HISTORY
On August 7, 1945, the Japanese government dissolved BPUPKI and in its place the PPKI was formed, namely the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence. BPUPKI was dissolved because BPUPKI was considered too fast in proclaiming Indonesia’s independence. PPKI itself is chaired by Ir. Soekarno and his deputy Drs. Moh. Hatta with 21 members consisting of 12 people from Java, 3 people from Sumatra, 2 people from Sulawesi, 1 person from Kalimantan, 1 person from Sunda Minor (Nusa Tenggara), 1 person from Maluku and lastly 1 ethnic Chinese. .
|UNDERSTANDING, FUNCTIONS, MEMBERS AND HISTORY OF PPKI|
The initial composition of PPKI members were:
- Ir. Soekarno (Chairman)
- Drs. Moh. Hatta (Vice Chairman)
- Prof. Mr. Dr. Soepomo (Member)
- KRT Radjiman Wedyodiningrat (Member)
- RP Soeroso (Member)
- Soetardjo Kartohadikoesoemo (Member)
- Kiai Abdoel Wachid Hasjim (Member)
- Ki Bagus Hadikusumo (Member)
- Otto Iskandardinata (Member)
- Abdoel Kadir (Member)
- Prince Soerjohamidjojo (Member)
- Prince Poerbojo (Member)
- Dr. Mohammad Amir (Member)
- Mr. Abdul Maghfar (Member)
- Mr. Teuku Mohammad Hasan (Member)
- Dr. GSSJ Ratulangi (Member)
- Andi Prince (Member)
- AH Hamidan (Member)
- I Goesti Ketoet Poedja (Member)
- Mr. Johannes Latuharhary (Member)
- Drs. Yap Tjwan Bing (Member)
Unbeknownst to the Japanese government, the number of PPKI membership increased by 6 people, including:
- Achmad Soebardjo (Advisor)
- Sajoeti Melik (Member)
- Ki Hadjar Dewantara (Member)
- RAA Wiranatakoesoema (Member)
- Kasman Singodimedjo (Member)
- Iwa Koesoemasoemantri (Member).
On August 9, 1945, three important PPKI figures, namely Ir. Soekarno, Drs. Moch. Hatta and Radjiman Wedyodiningrat, were summoned to Dalat, Vietnam to listen to Japanese instructions on the PPKI’s next steps. On August 12, 1945, General Terauci said that the announcement of Indonesia’s independence could be made on August 24, 1945 with the territory covering the former Dutch East Indies. On August 15, 1945, Japan surrendered to the Allies and ordered Japan to maintain the status quo. Because this incident seemed to destroy hope to liberate Indonesia.
On August 16, 1945, the Rengasdengklok incident occurred where there was a difference of opinion between the old and young groups regarding the time and place for the implementation of the proclamation of Indonesian independence. The young group wanted to proclaim Indonesian independence as soon as possible, while the older group wanted to postpone and discuss the matter with PPKI members. Because of this pressure, young people kidnapped Soekarno-Hatta to Rengasdenklok. And in the end, on August 17, 1945, the Indonesian people proclaimed the independence of their homeland from colonialism.
One day after the proclamation, namely on August 18, 1945, PPKI decided, among other things:
- Ratification of the Constitution
- Select and appoint Ir. Soekarno and Drs. Moh. Hatta as the first President and Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia
- Establish a National Committee which aims to assist the President and Vice President in carrying out their duties.
Then, the next day on August 19, 1945 a meeting was held which resulted in a decision, namely:
- Appointment of 12 ministers who assist the president
- Division of Indonesia into 8 Provinces
- On August 22, 1945, a meeting was held which resulted in:
- The establishment of the People’s Security Agency (BKR) under the authority of KNIP.
Due to the arrival of NICA troops, the People’s Security Army was formed on October 5, 1945. Then on January 1, 1946, it was changed to the People’s Safety Army, and on January 26 it was changed to the Army of the Republic of Indonesia. To perfect it, the government formed the Indonesian National Army (TNI) on June 7, 1946.
Well that’s the post this time about PPKI (Committee for the Preparation of Indonesian Independence), hopefully the knowledge can be useful. If there is still something you don’t understand, please ask friends via the comment box below. We will try to respond quickly and appropriately. Thank you for visiting Softilmu, don’t forget to follow, like and comment, okay? J