A. Definition of dance

Dance is the beauty of the expression of the human soul which is expressed in the form of body movements that are refined through aesthetics.

Sussanne K Langer stated, dance is a beautiful movement of human expression. Movement can be enjoyed through the sense into appreciation of certain rhythms.

Haukin states that dance is an expression of the human soul that is transformed by imagination and given shape through the medium of motion so that it becomes a symbolic form of motion and as an expression of the creator (Haukins: 1990, 2). Indirectly, Haukin emphasizes that dance is an expression of the soul, something that is born through a disguised medium of expression.

On the other hand, La Mery added that expressions that are symbolic in a higher form must be internalized.

In the following development, dance was conveyed by Soedarsono that dance is an expression of the human soul which is transformed through beautiful rhythmic movements.

M. Jazuli in (Soeryobrongto: 1987, 12-34) stated that the movements of the limbs that are in harmony with the sound of music are dance.

Soeryodiningrat gave color to the dance repertoire that he emphasized more on rhythmic body movements. It is as learned that dance is the movement of the limbs in harmony with the sound of music or gamelan regulated by rhythm in accordance with the goals of the dance (Soeryodiningrat: 1986, 21).

Furthermore, CurtSach added that dance is a rhythmic movement (CurtSach: 1978, 4).

In the context, some of the visible elements of dance movements include movement, rhythm, and the sound of music, as well as other supporting elements. John Martin in The Modern Dance, states that dance is motion as the earliest experience of human life. Dance is the earliest form of motion experience for human life.

The most basic element in dance is the movement of the human body which is completely separated from the elements of space, time, and energy.

Dance can also be said as an expression of expression of human feelings which is transformed by imagination into a medium of motion so that it becomes a form of symbolic motion as a choreographer’s expression. As a form of exercise, dance is used to develop a person’s sensitivity to motion, taste, and rhythm. Therefore, dance can refine the human character who learns it.

B. Dance Function

The role of dance to meet human needs is through individual, social and communication stimulants.

Therefore, dance can act as worship, a means of communication, and a statement of the human mind in relation to the expression of will. Broadly speaking, there are 4 functions of dance, among others:

1. dance as a ceremony

the function of dance as a means of ceremony is part of a tradition that exists in a society’s life which is hereditary in nature from generation to generation to the present which functions as a ritual.

2. dance as a means of entertainment

one form of dance creation intended only to be watched. This dance has the purpose of personal entertainment, more concerned with enjoyment in dancing

3. dance as a means of performance

Performance dance is a form of communication so that there is a messenger and a message recipient. This dance is more concerned with aesthetic form than its purpose. This dance is more worked out according to the needs of the local community

4. dance as a means of education

dance that is used for educational facilities by teaching in formal schools.

C. Type of Dance

Aceh Province

Saman Meuseukat Dance

South Sumatera Province

Date Dance, Princess Bekhusek

West Sumatra Province
Plate Dance, Umbrella Dance

Riau Province

Horn Dance, Joged Lambak Dance

Jambi Province

Sekapur Sirih Dance, Selampit Eight Dance

Bengkulu Province

Andun dance

DKI Jakarta Province

Mask Dance, Yapong Dance

Province of West Java / West Java

Jaipong Dance, Peacock Dance

Central Java / Central Java Province

Serimpi Dance, Cakil Bambangan Dance

Province of DI Yogyakarta / Jogja / Jogjakarta

Serimpi Sangupati Dance, Bedaya Dance

Province of East Java / East Java

Remong Dance, Reog Ponorogo Dance

Bali province

Legong Dance, Kecak Dance

D. The uniqueness of dance from each region

The Saman Meuseukat dance from Aceh, one of the dances that is quite unique, because it only displays the motion of applause and other movements, such as body movements, head and body position. Another uniqueness can be seen from the sitting position of the dancers and the swaying of the body that is stomped to the left or right, when the poems are sung.


The Kecak dance from Bali is unique because it does not rely on musical instruments to accompany the dance, but rather the choir of the dancers. The rhythm of the sound “cak, cak, cak…” is arranged in such a way, so as to produce a very harmonious blend, interspersed with several accents and other sayings. The dancers who make the sound “cak, cak, cak…” are usually shirtless and only wear checkered cloth like a chessboard that wraps around their waist.


Andun dance, from South Bengkulu, is a dance to welcome respected guests.
Bidadari Teminang Anak dance from Bengkulu, this dance can also be interpreted as an angel asking for a child. This traditional dance comes from Rejang Lebong.


Mask Dance from Jakarta, is a traditional Betawi dance in welcoming dignitaries.
Yopong dance from Jakarta, is a dance offering to honor state guests.


Sekapur Sirih dance from Jambi, is an offering dance. This Jambi traditional dance is only similar to the Malay dance.


Kuncaran Mask Dance from West Java, is a dance that tells the story of a king’s bitter grudge because his love was rejected.
Peacock Dance from West Java, a dance that tells the life of a peacock that is all beautiful and stunning.


Serimpi dance from Central Java, a palace dance in the past with a soft, majestic and charming atmosphere.
Blambangan Cakil dance from Central Java, tells the story of Srikandi’s struggle against Buto Cakil (the giant). A symbol of the suppression of wrath.


Remong dance from East Java, a dance from Surabaya that symbolizes the soul, heroism. It danced when welcomed the guests.
Reog Ponorogo from East Java, is an East Java regional dance that shows strength, virility and valor.


Source: from various books and browsing results

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