The pots are generally made of copper. Javanese people know the profession of a person who specializes in making cormorants from copper as “dear”.
This kitchen utensil is mostly used for cooking rice in large quantities. So this tool is more specifically for “adang” or cooking rice. In the “Baosastra Java” dictionary by WJS. Poerwadarminta (1939) page 64, it is said that the dandang is like a large kendhil, which has a large hole at the top, has a lip, and is used for adang rice. Indeed, sometimes it is also used to boil water on a large scale, but it is less common. In addition to cooking rice, this tool can also be used to cook other foods, such as cassava (cassava) vines, cassava, or the like.
The pots are generally made of copper. Javanese people know the profession of a person who specializes in making cormorants from copper as “dear”. In the dictionary, page 539, it is explained that “sweetheart” is a craftsman who makes things from copper, one of which is a pot. In its development, there is also a cormorant made of aluminum, which is called soblok. As a traditional cooking utensil that is rarely used by Javanese today, the use of a cork to cook rice must be complemented by other tools, such as steamer, kekeb, and panyanton. With that equipment, the new pot can be used optimally for cooking rice.
In ancient times, pots were used to cook rice on a large scale, especially for people who were having a celebration, such as weddings, deaths, celebrations, celebrations, and others. Now, the cormorant is a rare item. Indeed, there are still those who sell and use it, but it can be said that it is very rare. People now use a cork or soblock made of aluminum rather than made of copper.
Actually, copper corkscrews are more durable and don’t leak easily, because copper pots are thicker than aluminum ones. So do not be surprised, the price of copper boilers is more expensive when compared to aluminum boilers. Because of the higher price, people are now switching to similar, cheaper equipment. In addition, of course also influenced by changes in the furnace used as well.
What is the difference between the shape of a copper cork and an aluminum cork? Obviously there is a difference. For more details, will be reviewed in the next edition.
In the 1970s, copper corkscrew also adorned many pawnshops. This is very reasonable, because the copper pot is a kitchen utensil that has a high selling value.
In general, copper pots are about 60 cm or more in height. Sometimes there are made a little smaller size. The shape of the copper cork is usually different from the shape of the aluminum cork (or often called soblok). In a copper pan, the bottom is wide, the middle is narrow, and the top is wide again. While the buttocks are convex. For aluminum corks, generally the bottom to the top is the same. Only the middle is given a circular indentation where the stud is. At the bottom of the aluminum cork is usually flat. The size of the aluminum cork consists of small, medium, and large.
This difference in shape is due to one of them being the furnace used for cooking. In general, copper pots are placed in a dhingkel or luweng furnace. While aluminum boilers, apart from being able to use the furnace, can also use other types of furnaces, such as kerosene stoves, braziers, or cool ones.
To be used for cooking rice, copper pots are usually equipped with other tools, such as a steamer, steamer, solet, and kekeb. A cone-shaped steamer, which is placed in a pot with the shoots down. Then the steamer is placed in the steamer at the top. Its function is so that the rice at the bottom that is on the ground does not come into direct contact with water.
Pengaton is made from half a coconut shell that has been given small holes. While the solet function is to stir the cooked rice, so that it cooks evenly. Solet can be made of bamboo or wood. The shape is like an entong, only the size is a bit long. While the kekeb serves to cover the steamer, so that the rice cooks quickly and to avoid dirt. Kekeb is usually also made of woven bamboo, just like a steamer.
Meanwhile, the aluminum cork which looks like a cylinder is only equipped with a swivel and a lid. Both are made of the same material, namely aluminum. Angsang functions like a steamer, so that the boiling water does not directly hit the cooked rice. So the goose also serves as a barrier for rice that is being cooked. Angsang is also made into very small holes that almost fill all sides of the swan. Meanwhile, the lid of the soblok pot is made tightly, so that not a lot of water vapor comes out. The shape can be conical or flat. At the top of the lid is given a handle for easy opening or closing. Copper pots are now very rarely used by the Javanese people. However, there are still those who have it, because this item is very durable. It could be that there are still people who have it because of the inheritance from their parents or ancestors. Meanwhile, other places that can be found include museums and traditional markets, especially large traditional markets, such as Beringharjo Market, Gedhe Market, Klewer Market, and so on.
In the 1970s, copper corkscrew also adorned many pawnshops. This is very reasonable, because the copper pot is a kitchen utensil that has a high selling value. At that time, pawnshops still accepted pawned goods with high selling values, such as jarik cloth and copper pots. But now, it is very rare for pawnshops to accept pawned goods in the form of copper pots. Still in the 1970s or earlier, there were some people who still believed in the use of cormorants. People in Yogyakarta, according to the source of this book, such as those in Parangtritis and Imogiri Bantul, still believe, for a rice cooker who uses a cork, and he overthrows the cork, then he must be treated. But somehow now, maybe that trust is gradually starting to disappear. Because if it is not treated, there is a belief, the adang nasi will be eaten by “Bethara Kala”.