Cething collection of the Yogyakarta Cultural House Tembi Museum
Cething is a kitchen utensil that serves as a place to put rice that is cooked and ready to be served to eat. Javanese people used to know cething made of woven bamboo, shaped like a bowl. The woven bamboo is made with an average diameter of about 20 cm and a height of 16 cm. The top part is given a circular bamboo split, while the bottom section is given a rectangular bamboo split to function as a base or foot.
In technological developments, cething is made of metal and plastic. However, until now, bamboo cething still exists, especially in rural areas and restaurants that want to display the atmosphere of the past. Cething is also commonly referred to as wakul.
Cething has been known by the Javanese people for a long time. Other Nusantara communities have also known him for a long time. For Javanese people, it is possible to trace the term cething in a Javanese language dictionary “Baoesastra Djawa” published in 1939 by WJS Poerwadarminta page 637. Of course, before it was included in the dictionary term, people had known it for a long time.
Unfortunately, the existence of cething made of woven bamboo has been pressed by similar items made of more durable and long-lasting materials, for example from metal (aluminum, stenlis, and the like), or plastic.
However, that does not mean that the cething made of bamboo just disappears. The goods can still be found in traditional markets and in the center of woven bamboo. The price is quite cheap, around IDR 5,000 per fruit.
Indeed, cething from bamboo is easily damaged. If used for a certain period of time, 1-2 years and continuously, it will be damaged. So goods that have been damaged are usually thrown away or used as firewood. That is why, it is very rare to find household artefacts made from bamboo. One way of tracking the existence of objects made of bamboo is to look for them in ancient texts that mention the term object.
There is a place in the Special Region of Yogyakarta, namely the Trisik Beach area, Kulonprogo, which calls cething the term “donation cething”. The reason is, this kitchen utensil is often used by the owner of the intention for a container of rice and side dishes that are given to relatives who have just donated. So every time there is a celebration, the majority of the contributing communities get “ulih-ulih” or rice dishes from the owner of the intention that is accommodated by this cething. That was before 1990.
In addition to its main function as a place for rice that is ready to be served, sometimes housewives also use or utilize cething as a container for other items, for example a place to store bumbon (kitchen seasoning), empon-empon (herbs) or a place to store ubarampe betel nut (tell them to cook). , tobacco, gambier, and enjet).
There are still many centers for making kitchen utensils from bamboo, such as cething, kalo, winnowing, and others in DIY. Two of them are Brajan Village, Sendangagung, Minggir, Sleman; and Hamlet Karangasem, Sendangagung, Muntuk, Dlingo, Bantul. Craftsmen in Brajan initially only made traditional kitchen tools, such as cething and the like. Likewise in the Karangasem area, Bantul. However, at present, the craftsmen in the two regions have made various products according to market demand, the number of which is no less than 110 pieces.
That’s how kitchen utensils in the form of cething continue to be produced by the community, because there continues to be demand, even though in terms of shape or design and cultivation is experiencing development.
There are similarities in the handling of cething before use. Usually people wash it with kawul, sepet or soap, before using it for the first time. This is to avoid breaking the webbing.
After the cething is used, it is usually soaked first in a bucket filled with water, so that the remnants of rice that are sticky on the woven bamboo are released. This is to facilitate washing. After about 15 minutes of soaking, the new cething can be washed with kawul or sepet. Can also be added by using soap.
Nowadays, although people rarely find these items in modern shops, they can be found in traditional markets or in bamboo craft centers. Can also be found in museums or in restaurants that display images of the past.
Source: Tembi 1 and Tembi 2