Bentenan woven cloth is a traditional cloth of the Minahasa community known as “The Hidden Treasure of North Sulawesi”. Initially, the bentenan cloth was produced from the basic ingredients of lahendong and sawukouw tree bark fibers called fuya, pineapple and banana fibers called koffo, and bamboo fibers (wa’u) which were traditionally woven by the ancestors of the North Sulawesi people since the 19th century. -7 and its existence played an important role in trade in the archipelago until the 15th century.

Bentenan Woven Fabric

Source: http://www.myfashionjourney.com

The name Bentenan is basically the name of the island and bay located on the East Coast of South Minahasa including Ratahan and Ponosakan. At first these waters became a transit area for Filipino sailors who traveled to Ternate in the 15th century. Based on the developing story, the weaving skills of the Minahasa people are said to have been obtained from sailors who often lived in the area for months.

Bentenan Woven Fabric

Source: http://stmonikahkyt.blogspot.com

Since then the Minahasa people have begun to use cotton threads that are beautified with natural dyes to make woven fabrics in the form of Pasolongan (similar to a sarong but without joints or stitches). The types of dyes used in bentenan fabrics include:

  1. Shrub Lenu (morinda bractenta) to create a yellow color and will turn red when mixed with whiting water
  2. Lelenu (peristrophe tinctoris) to make red color
  3. Sangket (Homnolanthus paulifolius) has black skin
  4. Tium, a type of vine that produces green and blue colors

    Bentenan Woven Fabric

    Source: http://www.vemale.com

    The chants of Ruata’s songs and prayers that are said before the weaving takes place also add to the sacredness of the bentenan woven fabric. Therefore, the bentenan cloth is only used by traditional leaders (Tonaas) and religious leaders or tribal chiefs (Walian) in traditional ceremonies and religious ceremonies.

    Bentenan Woven Fabric

    Source: http://www.weddingku.com

    Various decorations or motifs found on Bentenan fabrics include:

    1. Tonilama: weaving with white and colorless threads
    2. Kokera: woven with colorful floral motifs embroidered with beads
    3. Pinatikan: weaving with mesh motif lines and hexagon shapes
    4. Sinoi: weaving with threads of various colors and in the form of stripes
    5. Watch Eyes: weaving with human images
    6. Tinompak Kuda: weaving with various repetitive motifs
    7. Kaiwu Patola: weaving with patola motif from India
      Bentenan Woven Fabric

      Source: http://beeindaclub.blogspot.com

      In local custom, the Tinonton Mata motif is believed to have the highest value as a symbol of the Minahasa’s first ancestors, so it is more often used for traditional ceremonies. While the Kaiwu Patola motif is mostly used as a medium of exchange.

      Bentenan Woven Fabric

      Source: http://stmonikahkyt.blogspot.com

      The entry of the Dutch into Minahasa land seems to have had a serious impact on the social and cultural status of the local community, causing the use of bentenan woven fabrics to become increasingly rare and eventually disappeared for quite a long time. However, since the 1998 reformation, the bentenan cloth has begun to be produced again and is now used as a mandatory uniform for civil servants in North Sulawesi.

      Bentenan Woven Fabric

      Source: http://beeindaclub.blogspot.com

      Bentenan woven fabric has a significant role in the circle of human life, such as birth, marriage and death as well as a symbol of social status in the life of the Minahasa community. Given the very complicated and time-consuming manufacturing technique, it is not surprising that the bentenan woven fabric is known as the highest quality fabric in the world.

      Bentenan Woven Fabric

      Source: http://m.kompasiana.com

      Hope it is useful.

      Source: Fitinline

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