The island of Bali is one of the most favorite tourist destinations for tourists, both domestic and foreign. Bali has a dazzling natural beauty that is used as inspiration in making batik. The history of Balinese Batik began in the 1970s, which was pioneered by Pande Ketut Krisna from Banjar Tegeha, Batubulan Village, Sukawati, which is included in the Gianyar district. At that time, Ketut Krisna was still using the stamp weaving technique with the help of a manual loom or what was called a Non-Machine Weaving Tool or ATBM.
The development of the Balinese batik industry itself takes place very rapidly. This is related to the need and market demand for batik cloth itself which is very high. Apart from being attractive to tourists visiting the island of Bali, local people themselves need batik cloth for various activities related to traditional ceremonies or religious rituals. In traditional events or religious rituals, Balinese people use batik as a cloth tied to the waist or used as a headband (udeng).
In terms of design, Balinese Batik has its own unique side among all batik in the archipelago. Balinese batik was then not only transformed into a headband, but has become a collectible item that can be obtained by anyone. The motifs of the cloth are very diverse and full of variations, making the devotees want to collect this batik. This is also what makes Batik Bali more famous and in the market and gets a good response from batik connoisseurs in the market. Balinese batik is dominated by plant motifs. However, in the history of its development, Balinese Batik has motifs that change from plants and animals to abstract motifs such as clouds, reliefs of Wayang Beber temples and so on, then experience a painting style with decorative art.
The hallmark of Balinese Batik lies in its motif which is a blend of traditional and modern. The traditional characteristics of Balinese Batik fabrics are marked by the presence of regional symbols such as cranes, dragons, turtles, and deer. The modern touch of Balinese Batik can be seen from the bright fabric colors and wavy patterns. Balinese batik craftsmen have more freedom of expression than batik craftsmen from Java because they are not too bound by certain standards.
Balinese Batik Stork Motif
So freely, the Balinese Batik artists in expressing what is in their minds and feelings create batik patterns that are richer in color and rich in motifs. Thanks to government assistance through the Dekranasda of Gianyar Regency, Balinese Batik was again introduced to the wider community. In addition, Dekranasda also provides facilities in the form of training for craftsmen and workers of productive age who want to be creative in the same field. Training and debriefing are given in stages while continuing to produce. The participants were also given the opportunity to show their talents and abilities in creating their own batik creations.
The development of Balinese Batik itself has become increasingly popular and has experienced a very fast blend. This is due to the number of Batik industries that have grown and provide a variety of Balinese styles. Not to forget the variety of Balinese blend patterns, such as Bali-Papua Batik, Bali-Pekalongan, and so on. The cause of this blend in Batik is none other than because as we know that this island of the gods is very much touched by various immigrants which then gives its own changes also in terms of the process of making batik. This is related to all the existence of this island.
In its form it can be said that the motifs in this batik have no limits in terms of expressing them. Balinese batik itself is inspired by many things that are in Bali. So do not be surprised if then the motifs in this batik are based on or influenced by historical issues, especially in the Sanskrit era. Also this batik itself is influenced by wayang in the Java area.
Balinese batik can be classified into three groups, namely based on the processing technique. Painted batik, painted directly by hand using tools and natural dyes on the fabric. Written batik, batik cloth that is still plain white and has natural fibers, such as wool, cotton, and silk and made patterns using a tool called canting. Stamped batik, batik-patterned cloth (not the actual batik cloth) is stamped with a special tool so as to produce exactly the same batik motif with relatively short processing. This technique is commonly used in the large-scale batik industry. In addition to the three groups of batik, Balinese Batik is also done using a combination technique (a combination of written batik and stamped batik), batik printing (printed with technology), and batik pulling (a combination of batik printing and written batik).
Hand Batik Process
Balinese batik is famous for having a distinctive Balinese aroma because it is produced from natural ingredients used in the form of various spices such as roots and also wood that contains a certain aroma.
For friends of GPS Wisata Indonesia, batik lovers, you can find this Bali Batik at the Diamanta Puri Kebaya and Batik gallery on Jalan Merdeka, Renon, Denpasar. There is also Batik Galuh which is located at Jln. Raya Batu Bulan Gianyar, Bali. Also Pithecan Thropus which is on Legian street, Kuta.
Hope it is useful.