State Defense according to Law No. 3 of 2002 is the attitude and behavior of citizens who are inspired by their love for the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia based on Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution in ensuring the survival of the nation and state. State defense is the right and obligation of every citizen. The following are articles related to the defense of the state and its defense and security, including:
The contents of Article 30 paragraph 1 of the 1945 Constitution
“Every citizen has the right and obligation to participate in the defense and security of the State”
The meaning contained: every citizen has the right to obtain security from the state and has the obligation to make efforts for the defense of the Indonesian state. Defense and security efforts must ensure the prevention or resolution of matters that can directly or indirectly interfere with the course of national development.
The contents of article 30 paragraph 2 of the 1945 Constitution
“State defense and security efforts are carried out through a universal people’s defense and security system by the TNI and POLRI as the main force, and the people as a supporting force”
The meaning contained: state defense and security efforts are carried out through a universal people’s defense and security system with the TNI and POLRI as the largest forces whose duty is to provide security and public order, assisting in dealing with the effects of natural disasters, evacuation, and providing humanitarian assistance, dealing with crime, and maintain internal security, while the task of the people who have supporting power is not to do things that can hinder or pose a threat to the security of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia, for example by not committing acts of terrorism, not committing violence that smells of SARA, destroying the environment or not making separatist movements to create new country
The contents of Article 30 paragraph 3 of the 1945 Constitution
“The Indonesian National Army consists of the Army, Navy and Air Force”
as an instrument of the state in charge of defending, protecting, and maintaining the integrity and
The meaning contained: TNI has the duty to defend, protect and maintain the integrity of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia, the following are the duties of the TNI to protect and maintain the security of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia
A) carry out military operations for war
B) military operations other than war, namely to:
1. Overcome armed separatist movements
2. Overcome armed rebellion
3. Overcome acts of terrorism
4. securing the border area
5. securing strategic national vital objects
6. carry out the task of world peace in accordance with foreign policy
7. securing the President and Vice President and their families
8. Empower the defense area and its supporting forces early in accordance with the system
9. to assist local government tasks
10. to assist the National Police of the Republic of Indonesia in the framework of the task of security and order
society regulated by law
11. help secure state guests at the level of heads of state and representatives of foreign governments who
currently in Indonesia
12. to help cope with the effects of natural disasters, evacuation, and the provision of assistance
13. help search and rescue in accidents (search and rescue)
14. assisting the government in securing shipping and aviation against piracy,
piracy and smuggling.
The contents of article 30 paragraph 4 of the 1945 Constitution
“The State Police of the Republic of Indonesia as a state instrument that maintains security and
public order is tasked with protecting, nurturing, serving the community, and
enforce the law.”
The meaning contained: POLRI is tasked with protecting and protecting the community from all existing crimes, as well as serving the community such as taking care of reports when items are lost or people are missing, and enforcing the law by imposing sanctions on people who violate the law in Indonesia.
The contents of article 30 paragraph 5 of the 1945 Constitution
“The composition and position of the Indonesian National Armed Forces, the National Police of the Republic of Indonesia”
Indonesia, the relationship between the authority of the Indonesian National Armed Forces and the National Police of the Republic of Indonesia
Indonesia in carrying out its duties, the conditions for the participation of citizens in
defense and security efforts are regulated by law.”
The meaning contained: although the TNI and Polri are different in organizational structure, in carrying out their respective duties and functions they work together and support each other in a “universal people’s defense and security system”, the duties of the TNI and POLRI are the same in maintaining state security and protecting the people, the conditions for people’s participation in defense and security efforts have been regulated in the 1945 law.
The persistent struggle and extraordinary sacrifices of the fighters have led us to become an independent nation. The independence that we have now must be guarded and defended because even though Indonesia is already independent, it does not mean that it is free from all forms of threats, disturbances. Obstacles, and challenges. Efforts that we can do, for example, are studying diligently and passionately to deepen faith and piety as well as science and technology. This perseverance in learning will succeed in creating a generation that is intelligent, faithful, moral, broad-minded, and skilled to build the nation and state in the future.
Alhamdulillah, hopefully it will be useful for all of you who read this article,, amen.. don’t forget to like, tweet and share… thank you.
Thank To: Allah SWT.